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Nature of the 5f states in actinide metals

DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.81.235 DOI Help

Authors: Kevin T. Moore (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) , Gerrit Van Der Laan (Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Reviews Of Modern Physics , VOL 81 (1) , PAGES 235-298

State: Published (Approved)
Published: February 2009

Abstract: Actinide elements produce a plethora of interesting physical behaviors due to the 5 f states. This review compiles and analyzes progress in the understanding of the electronic and magnetic structure of the 5 f states in actinide metals. Particular interest is given to electron energy-loss spectroscopy and many-electron atomic spectral calculations, since there is now an appreciable library of core d → valence f transitions for Th, U, Np, Pu, Am, and Cm. These results are interwoven and discussed against published experimental data, such as x-ray photoemission and absorption spectroscopy, transport measurements, and electron, x-ray, and neutron diffraction, as well as theoretical results, such as density-functional theory and dynamical mean-field theory.

Journal Keywords: americium; curium; electron energy loss spectra; electronic density of states; magnetic structure; neptunium; plutonium; thorium; uranium

Subject Areas: Physics

Instruments: NONE-No attached Diamond beamline