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Measurement of forces between supported cationic bilayers by colloid probe atomic force microscopy: electrolyte concentration and composition

DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b03555 DOI Help

Authors: Matthew Leivers (Imperial College London) , John M. Seddon (Imperial College London) , Marc Declercq (The Procter & Gamble Company) , Eric S. J. Robles (The Procter & Gamble Company) , Paul Frederick Luckham (Imperial College London)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Langmuir

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2018

Abstract: The interactions between supported cationic surfactant bilayers were measured by colloidal probe atomic force spectroscopy and the effect of different halide salts was investigated. Di(alkyl iso-propyl ester) dimethyl ammonium methylsulfate (DIPEDMAMS) bilayers were fabricated by the vesicle fusion technique on muscovite mica. The interactions between the bilayers were measured in increasing concentrations of NaCl, NaBr, NaI and CaCl2. In NaCl the bilayer interactions were repulsive at all concentrations investigated, and the Debye length and surface potential were observed to decrease with increasing concentration. The interactions were found to follow the Electrical Double Layer (EDL) component of DLVO theory well. However Van der Waals forces were not detected, instead a strong hydration repulsion was observed at short separations. CaCl2 had a similar effect on the interactions as NaCl. NaBr and NaI were observed to be more efficient at decreasing the surface potential than the chloride salts, with the efficacy increasing with the ionic radius.

Subject Areas: Chemistry


Instruments: B21-High Throughput SAXS