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A cell-surface GH9 endo-glucanase coordinates with surface glycan binding proteins to mediate xyloglucan uptake in the gut symbiont Bacteroides ovatus

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2019.01.008 DOI Help

Authors: Matthew H. Foley (University of Michigan Medical School) , Guillaume Déjean (University of British Columbia) , Glyn R. Hemsworth (University of York) , Gideon J. Davies (University of York) , Harry Brumer (University of British Columbia) , Nicole M. Koropatkin (University of Michigan Medical School)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Molecular Biology

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2019
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 7864

Abstract: Dietary fiber is an important food source for members of the human gut microbiome. Members of the dominant Bacteroidetes phylum capture diverse polysaccharides via the action of multiple cell surface proteins encoded within Polysaccharide Utilization Loci (PUL). The independent activities of PUL-encoded glycoside hydrolases (GH) and surface glycan-binding proteins (SGBPs) for the harvest of various glycans have been studied in detail, but how these proteins work together to coordinate uptake is poorly understood. Here, we combine genetic and biochemical approaches to discern the interplay between the BoGH9 endoglucanase and the xyloglucan-binding proteins SGBP-A and SGBP-B from the Bacteroides ovatus Xyloglucan Utilization Locus (XyGUL). The expression of BoGH9, a weakly active xyloglucanase in isolation, is required in a strain that expresses a non-binding version of SGBP-A (SGBP-A*). The crystal structure of the BoGH9 enzyme suggests the molecular basis for its robust activity on mixed-linkage β-glucan compared to xyloglucan. Yet, catalytically inactive site-directed mutants of BoGH9 fail to complement the deletion of the active BoGH9 in a SGBP-A* strain. We also find that SGBP-B is needed in an SGBP-A* background to support growth on xyloglucan, but that the non-binding SGBP-B* protein acts in a dominant negative manner to inhibit growth on xyloglucan. We postulate a model whereby the SGBP-A, SGBP-B and BoGH9 work together at the cell surface, likely within a discrete complex, and that xyloglucan binding by SGBP-B and BoGH9 may facilitate the orientation of the xyloglucan for transfer across the outer membrane.

Journal Keywords: Bacteroidetes; Xyloglucan utilization locus; Polysaccharide utilization system; Sus-like system; Lipoprotein

Diamond Keywords: Gut Microbiota; Bacteria; Enzymes

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I04-1-Macromolecular Crystallography (fixed wavelength)

Added On: 24/01/2019 10:35

Discipline Tags:

Life Sciences & Biotech Structural biology

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)