Article Metrics


Online attention

Chemical control of structure and guest uptake by a conformationally mobile porous material

DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0820-9 DOI Help

Authors: Alexandros P. Katsoulidis (University of Liverpool) , Dmytro Antypov (University of Liverpool) , George F. S. Whitehead (University of Liverpool) , Elliot J. Carrington (University of Liverpool) , Dave J. Adams (University of Liverpool) , Neil G. Berry (University of Liverpool) , George R. Darling (University of Liverpool) , Matthew S. Dyer (University of Liverpool) , Matthew J. Rosseinsky (University of Liverpool)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Nature , VOL 565 , PAGES 213 - 217

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2019

Abstract: Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are crystalline synthetic porous materials formed by binding organic linkers to metal nodes: they can be either rigid or flexible. Zeolites and rigid MOFs have widespread applications in sorption, separation and catalysis that arise from their ability to control the arrangement and chemistry of guest molecules in their pores via the shape and functionality of their internal surface, defined by their chemistry and structure. Their structures correspond to an energy landscape with a single, albeit highly functional, energy minimum. By contrast, proteins function by navigating between multiple metastable structures using bond rotations of the polypeptide, where each structure lies in one of the minima of a conformational energy landscape and can be selected according to the chemistry of the molecules that interact with the protein. These structural changes are realized through the mechanisms of conformational selection (where a higher-energy minimum characteristic of the protein is stabilized by small-molecule binding) and induced fit (where a small molecule imposes a structure on the protein that is not a minimum in the absence of that molecule). Here we show that rotation about covalent bonds in a peptide linker can change a flexible MOF to afford nine distinct crystal structures, revealing a conformational energy landscape that is characterized by multiple structural minima. The uptake of small-molecule guests by the MOF can be chemically triggered by inducing peptide conformational change. This change transforms the material from a minimum on the landscape that is inactive for guest sorption to an active one. Chemical control of the conformation of a flexible organic linker offers a route to modifying the pore geometry and internal surface chemistry and thus the function of open-framework materials.

Journal Keywords: Metal–organic frameworks; Solid-state chemistry

Subject Areas: Materials, Chemistry

Instruments: I11-High Resolution Powder Diffraction , I19-Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction

Added On: 21/02/2019 12:01

Discipline Tags:

Chemistry Materials Science Metal-Organic Frameworks Metallurgy Organometallic Chemistry

Technical Tags:

Diffraction X-ray Powder Diffraction