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A metal–organic framework for efficient water-based ultra-low-temperature-driven cooling

DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-10960-0 DOI Help

Authors: Dirk Lenzen (Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel) , Jingjing Zhao (Stockholm University) , Sebastian-Johannes Ernst (Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE; TU Kaiserslautern) , Mohammad Wahiduzzaman (Université Montpellier) , A. Ken Inge (Stockholm University) , Dominik Fröhlich (Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE) , Hongyi Xu (Stockholm University) , Hans-Jörg Bart (TU Kaiserslautern) , Christoph Janiak (Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf) , Stefan Henninger (Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE) , Guillaume Maurin (Université Montpellier) , Xiaodong Zou (Stockholm University) , Norbert Stock (Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Nature Communications , VOL 10

State: Published (Approved)
Published: July 2019
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 16502

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Efficient use of energy for cooling applications is a very important and challenging field in science. Ultra-low temperature actuated (Tdriving < 80 °C) adsorption-driven chillers (ADCs) with water as the cooling agent are one environmentally benign option. The nanoscale metal-organic framework [Al(OH)(C6H2O4S)] denoted CAU-23 was discovered that possess favorable properties, including water adsorption capacity of 0.37 gH2O/gsorbent around p/p0 = 0.3 and cycling stability of at least 5000 cycles. Most importantly the material has a driving temperature down to 60 °C, which allows for the exploitation of yet mostly unused temperature sources and a more efficient use of energy. These exceptional properties are due to its unique crystal structure, which was unequivocally elucidated by single crystal electron diffraction. Monte Carlo simulations were performed to reveal the water adsorption mechanism at the atomic level. With its green synthesis, CAU-23 is an ideal material to realize ultra-low temperature driven ADC devices.

Journal Keywords: Energy; Metal–organic frameworks; Porous materials

Subject Areas: Materials, Energy, Chemistry

Instruments: I11-High Resolution Powder Diffraction

Added On: 16/07/2019 12:00


Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Sustainable Energy Systems Energy Climate Change Chemistry Materials Science Metal-Organic Frameworks Metallurgy Organometallic Chemistry

Technical Tags:

Diffraction X-ray Powder Diffraction