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Characterization of growth and structure of TCNQ phases on Ag(111)

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.116001 DOI Help

Authors: P. J. Blowey (University of Warwick; Diamond Light Source) , A. Haags (Peter Grünberg Institut (PGI-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich; Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance, Fundamentals of Future Information Technology) , L. A. Rochford (University of Birmingham) , J. Felter (Peter Grünberg Institut (PGI-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich; Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance, Fundamentals of Future Information Technology) , D. A. Warr (University of Warwick) , D. A. Duncan (Diamond Light Source) , Tien-lin Lee (Diamond Light Source) , G. Costantini (University of Warwick) , C. Kumpf (Peter Grünberg Institut (PGI-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich; Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance, Fundamentals of Future Information Technology) , D. P. Woodruff (University of Warwick)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Physical Review Materials , VOL 3

State: Published (Approved)
Published: November 2019
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 12975

Abstract: A combination of scanning tunneling microscopy, low-energy electron diffraction,and low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) has been used to identify the structural phases formed by 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) on Ag(111). These comprise a two-dimensional gas phase, a low-density commensurate (LDC) phase, and a higher-density incommensurate (HDI) phase. LEEM also shows the presence of an additional “precursor-HDI” phase with a surface unit mesh area only ≈3% less than the HDI phase. Normal incidence x-ray standing-wave measurements of the HDI phase yield almost identical structural parameters to the LDC phase for which a full structure determination has been previously reported. The results show TCNQ does not adopt the inverted bowl distortion favored in earlier density functional theory calculations of TCNQ on coinage metal surfaces, but the N atoms are twisted out of the molecular plane, an effect found for the LDC phase to be due to incorporation of Ag adatoms. The possible role of Ag adatoms in the HDI phase, and in the transition from the precursor-HDI phase, is discussed.

Journal Keywords: Adsorption; Growth; Nucleation on surfaces; Surface & interfacial phenomena; Surface reconstruction

Subject Areas: Materials, Physics


Instruments: I09-Surface and Interface Structural Analysis