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The HXD95: a modified Bassett-type hydrothermal diamond-anvil cell for in situ XRD experiments up to 5 GPa and 1300 K

DOI: 10.1107/S1600577519016801 DOI Help

Authors: Marion Louvel (University of Bristol; Institute for Mineralogy, WWU) , James W. E. Drewitt (University of Bristol) , Allan Ross (Diamond Light Source) , Richard Thwaites (Diamond Light Source) , Benedict J. Heinen (University of Bristol) , Dean S. Keeble (Diamond Light Source) , Christine M. Beavers (Diamond Light Source) , Michael J. Walter (Carnegie Institution for Science) , Simone Anzellini (Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Synchrotron Radiation , VOL 27

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2020
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 19339

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: A new diamond-anvil cell apparatus for in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements of liquids and glasses, at pressures from ambient to 5 GPa and temperatures from ambient to 1300 K, is reported. This portable setup enables in situ monitoring of the melting of complex compounds and the determination of the structure and properties of melts under moderately high pressure and high temperature conditions relevant to industrial processes and magmatic processes in the Earth's crust and shallow mantle. The device was constructed according to a modified Bassett-type hydro­thermal diamond-anvil cell design with a large angular opening (θ = 95°). This paper reports the successful application of this device to record in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction of liquid Ga and synthetic PbSiO3 glass to 1100 K and 3 GPa.

Journal Keywords: diamond-anvil cells; resistive heating; synchrotron characterization; metallic liquids; glasses and melts; extreme conditions

Subject Areas: Technique Development, Earth Science

Instruments: I15-Extreme Conditions

Other Facilities: ESRF beamline ID11

Added On: 05/02/2020 15:33


Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Technique Development - Earth Sciences & Environment

Technical Tags: