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Nuclear wastewater decontamination by 3D-Printed hierarchical zeolite monoliths

DOI: 10.1039/C9RA09967K DOI Help

Authors: Oded Halevi (CREATE NTU-HUJ Programme; The Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Nanyang Technological University) , Tzu-Yu Chen (University of Birmingham; Sheffield Hallam University) , Pooi See Lee (CREATE NTU-HUJ Programme; Nanyang Technological University) , Shlomo Magdassi (CREATE NTU-HUJ Programme; The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) , Joseph A. Hriljac (University of Birmingham; Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Rsc Advances , VOL 10 , PAGES 5766 - 5776

State: Published (Approved)
Published: February 2020

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: The selective removal of radioactive cationic species, specifically 137Cs+ and 90Sr2+, from contaminated water is critical for nuclear waste remediation processes and environmental cleanup after accidents, such as the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster in 2011. Nanoporous silicates, such as zeolites, are most commonly used for this process but in addition to acting as selective ion exchange media must also be deployable in a correct physical form for flow columns. Herein, Digital Light Processing (DLP) three-dimensional (3D) printing was utilized to form monoliths from zeolite ion exchange powders that are known to be good for nuclear wastewater treatment. The monoliths comprise 3D porous structures that will selectively remove radionuclides in an engineered form that can be tailored to various sizes and shapes as required for any column system and can even be made with fine-grained powders unsuitable for normal gravity flow column use. 3D-printed monoliths of zeolites chabazite and 4A were made, characterized, and evaluated for their ion exchange capacities for cesium and strontium under static conditions. The 3D-printed monoliths with 50 wt% zeolite loadings exhibit Cs and Sr uptake with an equivalent ion-capacity as their pristine powders. These monoliths retain their porosity, shape and mechanical integrity in aqueous media, providing a great potential for use to not only remove radionuclides from nuclear wastewater, but more widely in other aqueous separation-based applications and processes.

Diamond Keywords: Additive Manufacturing

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials, Environment


Technical Areas:

Added On: 11/02/2020 14:31

Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Zeolites Desertification & Pollution Nuclear Waste Engineering & Technology Materials Engineering & Processes Materials Science Polymer Science Chemistry

Technical Tags: