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A novel synthesis yielding macroporous CaFe2O4 sponges for solar energy conversion

DOI: 10.1002/solr.201900570 DOI Help

Authors: Andre Bloesser (University of Bayreuth) , Jana Timm (University of Bayreuth) , Hannah Kurz (University of Bayreuth) , Wolfgang Milius (University of Bayreuth) , Shusaku Hayama (Diamond Light Source) , Josef Breu (University of Bayreuth) , Birgit Weber (University of Bayreuth) , Roland Marschall (University of Bayreuth)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Solar Rrl

State: Published (Approved)
Published: February 2020
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 23538

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Phase‐pure and highly crystalline CaFe2O4 with a sponge‐like macroporous structure is synthesized for the first time via facile solution‐based microwave reaction and subsequent short thermal treatment. The formation mechanism of the orthorhombic phase (Pnma) and the pore network is investigated in detail and reveals a complex formation of this p‐type semiconductor. Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry and Mössbauer spectroscopy confirm the phase changes by altered magnetic properties. Furthermore, the optical and photoelectrochemical properties of the material were investigated. The material has a bandgap of 1.9 eV and sufficient band positions for water splitting. Valence‐to‐core X‐ray emission spectroscopy is used to support the band positions obtained from Mott–Schottky analysis. Photocathodes prepared from macroporous CaFe2O4 generate photocurrents under illumination with light of up to 600 nm.

Journal Keywords: CaFe2O4; macropores; photoelectrochemistry; valence-to-core emission spectroscopy; water splitting

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Energy

Instruments: I20-Scanning-X-ray spectroscopy (XAS/XES)