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Review and analysis of CO2 photoreduction kinetics

DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b06170 DOI Help

Authors: Warren Athol Thompson (Heriot-Watt University; Diamond Light Source) , Eva Sanchez Fernandez (Solverlo Ltd) , M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer (Heriot-Watt University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acs Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2020

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Microkinetic, in situ analytics and empirical modeling approaches for developing intrinsic CO2 photoreduction kinetics are presented in this perspective. Intrinsic kinetic models that are independent of photoreactor geometry are critical for scaling CO2 photoreduction photoreactors. Successfully scaling CO2 photoreduction is limited using the current extrinsic CO2 photoreduction kinetic models described in this perspective as they are dependent on the photoreactor geometry and scale used. The impact of different photoreactor geometries and light transport that lead to extrinsic kinetic models is reviewed. The impacts of temperature and pressure on surface diffusion is highlighted as additional important process parameters. The current Langmuir-Hinshelwood based kinetic models are discussed and their limitations highlighted with respect to modeling the possible deactivation of the photocatalyst. With a view on developing an intrinsic kinetic model, the challenges for developing CO2 photoreduction kinetics are highlighted and discussed with reference to the current extrinsic CO2 photoreduction kinetic model examples found in the literature. Robust analytical methods for collecting CO2 photoreduction kinetic data and for confirming the carbon source are discussed. The false positive production from adventitious carbon and organic impurities introduced during the synthesis and/or coating of photocatalysts with solvents and degradation of photoreactor components is highlighted as a challenge to collecting CO2 photoreduction kinetic data. It is shown that a wide range of the kinetic model coefficient values are possible when using a multi-start, genetic algorithm or particle swarm approach for estimating nonlinear model coefficients. Finally, an easy to test and implement approach using a mean median multi-start and trust-region reflective algorithm method is presented for the estimation of nonlinear CO2 photoreduction kinetic model coefficients.

Journal Keywords: CO2 photoreduction; kinetics; review; analysis; numerical methods

Diamond Keywords: Photocatalysis

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Mathematics

Technical Areas:

Added On: 16/03/2020 15:24


Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Sustainable Energy Systems Energy Climate Change Catalysis Chemistry Mathematics

Technical Tags: