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Characterization of double-deformable-mirror adaptive optics for IR beam shaping in hyperspectral imaging

DOI: 10.1117/12.2554162 DOI Help

Authors: Mohammad Azizian Kalkhoran (Diamond Light Source) , Ann Fitzpatrick (Diamond Light Source) , A. Douglas Winter (Diamond Light Source) , Chris S. Kelley (Diamond Light Source) , Edmund Warrick (Diamond Light Source) , Mark Frogley (Diamond Light Source) , Gianfelice Cinque (Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Conference Paper
Conference: SPIE Photonics Europe, 2020
Peer Reviewed: No

State: Published (Approved)
Published: May 2020

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Vibrational microspectroscopy via Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) faces an experimental trade-off among the signal to noise ratio (SNR), acquisition time, spatial resolution, and sample coverage. This is mainly associated with broadband source type: e.g. low brightness thermal sources with high flux for large field of view imaging at low resolution, or low ´etendue of synchrotron radiation infrared (SRIR) for diffraction-limited scanning mi- croanalysis at high magnification.1 Adaptive optics (AO), in this case deformable mirror (DM), is a potent tool in tackling the problem by modulating the intensity of high brightness structured SRIR beam toward a homo- geneous field illumination for IR imaging at high magnification. The latter is required for an efficient coupling of SRIR source to a multi-pixel detector such as focal plane array (FPA).2 Additionally, DM enables to achieve different shapes, optimized for different Cassegrain IR objective. Regardless, the quality of the generated beam relies upon the performance of the adaptive elements, i.e. actuators and their linear and reproducible response to the applied voltage. Moreover, the beam shaping capability of a single DM in controlling light beam position and angle is limited by its actuators influence function. In this work, we implemented two DMs for intensity shaping for the complex SRIR beam. A variation of multi-conjugate AO is implemented to characterize the performance of DMs and their actuators transfer function at multiple locations. An IR sensitive microbolometer array has been optically conjugated to the focal plane of individual actuators and the far-field of DM, in order to probe the corresponding actuating response. By analysing each actuator’s response individually, a measure of linear independence, uniformity in response, and cross-coupling can be obtained in a spectral range, from visible to near and mid IR. Additionally, by assembling the vectorized version of each actuator response, the transfer matrix can be formed. This matrix describes the relationship between the actuation effect on the beam and the response of the IR microbolometer, at the given conjugate planes. Based on such discussion, we assess the stability of the deformable mirror for open-loop (i.e. without feedback) operation.

Journal Keywords: Actuators; Adaptive optics; Deformable mirrors; Beam shaping; Sensors; Staring arrays; Infrared imaging; FT-IR spectroscopy; Hyperspectral imaging; Mid-IR

Subject Areas: Physics

Instruments: B22-Multimode InfraRed imaging And Microspectroscopy