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Low-cycle full-field residual strains in cortical bone and their influence on tissue fracture evaluated via in situ stepwise and continuous X-ray computed tomography

DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.110105 DOI Help

Authors: Marta Pena Fernandez (KTH Royal Institute of Technology; University of Portsmouth) , Alexander P. Kao (University of Portsmouth) , Frank Witte (Biotrics Bioimplants AG) , Hari Arora (Swansea University) , Gianluca Tozzi (University of Portsmouth)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Biomechanics

State: Published (Approved)
Published: October 2020
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 22575

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: As a composite material, the mechanical properties of bone are highly dependent on its hierarchical organisation, thus, macroscopic mechanical properties are dictated by local phenomena, such as microdamage resulting from repetitive cyclic loading of daily activities. Such microdamage is associated with plastic deformation and appears as a gradual accumulation of residual strains. The aim of this study is to investigate local residual strains in cortical bone tissue following compressive cyclic loading, using in situ X-ray computed tomography (XCT) and digital volume correlation (DVC) to provide a deeper insight on the three-dimensional (3D) relationship between residual strain accumulation, cortical bone microstructure and failure patterns. Through a progressive in situ XCT loading-unloading scheme, localisation of local residual strains was observed in highly compressed regions. In addition, a multi-scale in situ XCT cyclic test highlighted the differences on residual strain distribution at the microscale and tissue level, where high strains were observed in regions with the thinnest vascular canals and predicted the failure location following overloading. Finally, through a continuous in situ XCT compression test of cycled specimens, the full-field strain evolution and failure pattern indicated the reduced ability of bone to plastically deform after damage accumulation due to high number of cyclic loads. Altogether, the novel experimental methods employed in this study, combining high-resolution in situ XCT mechanics and DVC, showed a great potential to investigate 3D full-field residual strain development under repetitive loading and its complex interaction with bone microstructure, microdamage and fracture.

Journal Keywords: Cortical bone; in situ mechanics; cyclic loading; X-ray computed tomography; digital volume correlation; residual strains

Diamond Keywords: Bone

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I13-2-Diamond Manchester Imaging

Added On: 02/11/2020 15:35


Discipline Tags:

Osteoporosis Non-Communicable Diseases Health & Wellbeing Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Imaging Tomography