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Misfit phase (BiSe)1.10NbSe2 as the origin of superconductivity in niobium-doped bismuth selenide

DOI: 10.1038/s43246-020-00085-z DOI Help

Authors: Machteld E. Kamminga (University of Oxford) , Maria Batuk (University of Antwerp) , Joke Hadermann (University of Antwerp) , Simon J. Clarke (University of Oxford)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Communications Materials , VOL 1

State: Published (Approved)
Published: November 2020
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 18786

Abstract: Topological superconductivity is of great contemporary interest and has been proposed in doped Bi2Se3, in which electron-donating atoms such as Cu, Sr or Nb have been intercalated into the Bi2Se3 structure. For NbxBi2Se3, with Tc ~ 3 K, it is assumed in the literature that Nb is inserted in the van der Waals gap. However, in this work an alternative origin for the superconductivity in Nb-doped Bi2Se3 is established. In contrast to previous reports, it is deduced that Nb intercalation in Bi2Se3 does not take place. Instead, the superconducting behaviour in samples of nominal composition NbxBi2Se3 results from the (BiSe)1.10NbSe2 misfit phase that is present in the sample as an impurity phase for small x (0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.10) and as a main phase for large x (x = 0.50). The structure of this misfit phase is studied in detail using a combination of X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy techniques.

Journal Keywords: Superconducting properties and materials; Superconductors

Subject Areas: Materials, Physics

Instruments: I19-Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction

Added On: 16/11/2020 10:26


Discipline Tags:

Superconductors Quantum Materials Hard condensed matter - electronic properties Physics Materials Science

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Single Crystal X-ray Diffraction (SXRD)