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The efficiency of insulin production and its content in insulin-expressing model β-cells correlate with their Zn 2+ levels

DOI: 10.1098/rsob.200137 DOI Help

Authors: Petra Dzianová (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences) , Seiya Asai (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences; Charles University) , Martina Chrudinová (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences) , Lucie Kosinová (Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Czech Republic) , Pavlo Potalitsyn (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences; Charles University) , Pavel Šácha (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences) , Romana Hadravová (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences) , Irena Selicharová (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences) , Jan Kříž (Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Czech Republic) , Johan P. Turkenburg (University of York) , Andrzej Marek Brzozowski (University of York) , Jiří Jiráček (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences) , Lenka Žáková (Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czech Academy of Sciences)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Open Biology , VOL 10

State: Published (Approved)
Published: October 2020
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 13587

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Insulin is produced and stored inside the pancreatic β-cell secretory granules, where it is assumed to form Zn2+-stabilized oligomers. However, the actual storage forms of this hormone and the impact of zinc ions on insulin production in vivo are not known. Our initial X-ray fluorescence experiment on granules from native Langerhans islets and insulinoma-derived INS-1E cells revealed a considerable difference in the zinc content. This led our further investigation to evaluate the impact of the intra-granular Zn2+ levels on the production and storage of insulin in different model β-cells. Here, we systematically compared zinc and insulin contents in the permanent INS-1E and BRIN-BD11 β-cells and in the native rat pancreatic islets by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, immunoblotting, specific messenger RNA (mRNA) and total insulin analysis. These studies revealed an impaired insulin production in the permanent β-cell lines with the diminished intracellular zinc content. The drop in insulin and Zn2+ levels was paralleled by a lower expression of ZnT8 zinc transporter mRNA and hampered proinsulin processing/folding in both permanent cell lines. To summarize, we showed that the disruption of zinc homeostasis in the model β-cells correlated with their impaired insulin and ZnT8 production. This indicates a need for in-depth fundamental research about the role of zinc in insulin production and storage.

Diamond Keywords: Diabetes

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Chemistry


Instruments: I02-Macromolecular Crystallography

Added On: 19/11/2020 14:02

Discipline Tags:

Non-Communicable Diseases Health & Wellbeing Biochemistry Chemistry Structural biology Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)