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Correlating local volumetric tissue strains with global lung mechanics measurements

DOI: 10.3390/ma14020439 DOI Help

Authors: Hari Arora (Swansea University) , Ria Mitchell (Swansea University) , Richard Johnston (Swansea University) , Marinos Manolesos (Swansea University) , David Howells (Swansea University) , Joseph Sherwood (Imperial College London) , Andrew Bodey (Diamond Light Source) , Kaz Wanelik (Diamond Light Source)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Materials , VOL 14

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 19348

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: The mechanics of breathing is a fascinating and vital process. The lung has complexities and subtle heterogeneities in structure across length scales that influence mechanics and function. This study establishes an experimental pipeline for capturing alveolar deformations during a respiratory cycle using synchrotron radiation micro-computed tomography (SR-micro-CT). Rodent lungs were mechanically ventilated and imaged at various time points during the respiratory cycle. Pressure-Volume (P-V) characteristics were recorded to capture any changes in overall lung mechanical behaviour during the experiment. A sequence of tomograms was collected from the lungs within the intact thoracic cavity. Digital volume correlation (DVC) was used to compute the three-dimensional strain field at the alveolar level from the time sequence of reconstructed tomograms. Regional differences in ventilation were highlighted during the respiratory cycle, relating the local strains within the lung tissue to the global ventilation measurements. Strains locally reached approximately 150% compared to the averaged regional deformations of approximately 80–100%. Redistribution of air within the lungs was observed during cycling. Regions which were relatively poorly ventilated (low deformations compared to its neighbouring region) were deforming more uniformly at later stages of the experiment (consistent with its neighbouring region). Such heterogenous phenomena are common in everyday breathing. In pathological lungs, some of these non-uniformities in deformation behaviour can become exaggerated, leading to poor function or further damage. The technique presented can help characterize the multiscale biomechanical nature of a given pathology to improve patient management strategies, considering both the local and global lung mechanics.

Journal Keywords: lung mechanics; micro-CT; synchrotron; digital volume correlation; alveoli

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I13-2-Diamond Manchester Imaging

Added On: 26/01/2021 14:12

Discipline Tags:

Health & Wellbeing Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Imaging Tomography