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Hydrogen production by the photo-reforming of methanol and the photocatalytic water gas shift reaction

DOI: 10.1088/2515-7655/abdd82 DOI Help

Authors: Julia Kennedy (Cardiff University) , James Hayward (Cardiff University) , Philip Davies (Cardiff University) , Michael Bowker (University of Cardiff)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Physics: Energy

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2021

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: We have examined the reforming of methanol and CO on Pd/P25 TiO2 catalysts for hydrogen production, and compared it with rates for similarly supported Au and Cu catalysts. Both reactions proceed, but the photocatalytic water gas shift reaction is much slower than for methanol reforming. CO2 is evolved as expected, but the yields can be much lower than for the expected stoichiometry (CH3OH + H2O  CO2 + 3H2). We show that this is due to dissolution of the carbon dioxide into the aqueous phase. We have also carried out both reactions in the gas phase. Both proceed at a higher rate in the gas phase, and for methanol reforming, there is some CO evolution. In H2 + CO2 reactions, there is little sign of the reverse water gas shift reaction, but some photo-methanation does occur. Of the three catalysts Pd is the best for the methanol reforming reaction, while Au is best for the water gas shift. Nonetheless, Cu works reasonably well for methanol reforming and makes a much cheaper, earth-abundant catalyst.

Diamond Keywords: Photocatalysis

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Energy

Technical Areas:


Discipline Tags:

Catalysis Physical Chemistry Earth Sciences & Environment Climate Change Energy Energy Storage Sustainable Energy Systems Chemistry

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