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Solvent engineered synthesis of layered SnO for high-performance anodes

DOI: 10.1038/s41699-021-00208-1 DOI Help

Authors: Sonia Jaśkaniec (Trinity College Dublin) , Seán R. Kavanagh (Trinity College Dublin; University College London; Imperial College London) , João Coelho (Trinity College Dublin) , Seán Ryan (Trinity College Dublin) , Christopher Hobbs (Trinity College Dublin) , Aron Walsh (Imperial College London; Yonsei University; The Faraday Institution) , David O. Scanlon (University College London; The Faraday Institution; Diamond Light Source) , Valeria Nicolosi (Trinity College Dublin)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Npj 2d Materials And Applications , VOL 5

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2021

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Batteries are the most abundant form of electrochemical energy storage. Lithium and sodium ion batteries account for a significant portion of the battery market, but high-performance electrochemically active materials still need to be discovered and optimized for these technologies. Recently, tin(II) oxide (SnO) has emerged as a highly promising battery electrode. In this work, we present a facile synthesis method to produce SnO microparticles whose size and shape can be tailored by changing the solvent nature. We study the complex relationship between wet-chemistry synthesis conditions and resulting layered nanoparticle morphology. Furthermore, high-level electronic structure theory, including dispersion corrections to account for van der Waals forces, is employed to enhance our understanding of the underlying chemical mechanisms. The electronic vacuum alignment and surface energies are determined, allowing the prediction of the thermodynamically favoured crystal shape (Wulff construction) and surface-weighted work function. Finally, the synthesized nanomaterials were tested as Li-ion battery anodes, demonstrating significantly enhanced electrochemical performance for morphologies obtained from specific synthesis conditions.

Journal Keywords: Mathematics and computing; Chemical synthesis; Synthesis and processing; Two-dimensional materials

Diamond Keywords: Batteries

Subject Areas: Materials, Chemistry, Energy

Technical Areas:

Added On: 08/03/2021 10:13


Discipline Tags:

Energy Storage Energy Energy Materials Materials Science

Technical Tags: