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Separating effects of bone-quality changes at multiple scales in steroid-induced osteoporosis: Combining multiscale experimental and modelling approaches

DOI: 10.1016/j.mechmat.2021.103821 DOI Help

Authors: Li Xi (Beijing Institute of Technology; Queen Mary University of London; Diamond Light Source) , Ettore Barbieri (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology) , Pan Wang (Beijing Institute of Technology) , Wenwang Wu (Shanghai Jiao Tong University) , Himadri Gupta (Queen Mary University of London)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Mechanics Of Materials , VOL 157

State: Published (Approved)
Published: June 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 9893 , 11806 , 12483

Abstract: Metabolic bone diseases have an impact on the multi-scale structure of bone and its mechanical properties. This study aims to conduct quantitative analysis of the link between specific material-level changes and mechanical alterations of bone tissue. We combine several scanning probe methods with an analytical multiscale model to investigate these links in a mouse model (πΆπ‘Ÿhβˆ’120βˆ•+) with endogenous steroid production. Experimental results from our prior study are used, which showed significant changes in spatial maps of nano-scale orientation, mineralization, and microporosity in πΆπ‘Ÿhβˆ’120βˆ•+ mice bone. An analytical composite/continuum mechanical model is incorporated with these experimental parameters to predict the progressive reduction in elastic moduli. The largest fractional reduction in elastic modulus is found to arise from incorporation of microscale porosity, followed by the reduced nanoscale degree of orientation. Our work provides both insights into the altered structure-performance relations and a systematic analytical framework for linking scanning micro- and nanoprobe experimental data on hierarchical structural materials to macroscopic biomechanical outcomes.

Journal Keywords: Bone-quality changes; Synchrotron X-ray nanomechanical imaging; Multiscale modelling; Steroid-induced osteoporosis

Diamond Keywords: Bone

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Medicine


Instruments: I22-Small angle scattering & Diffraction

Discipline Tags:

Life Sciences & Biotech Health & Wellbeing Non-Communicable Diseases Osteoporosis

Technical Tags:

Scattering Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS)