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Glycerol selective oxidation to lactic acid over AuPt nanoparticles; enhancing reaction selectivity and understanding by support modification

DOI: 10.1002/cctc.v12.11 DOI Help

Authors: Mark Douthwaite (Cardiff University) , Natasha Powell (Cardiff University) , Aoife Taylor (Cardiff University) , Grayson Ford (Cardiff University) , José Manuel López (Instituto de Carboquímica (ICB-CSIC)) , Benjamin Solsona (Universitat de València) , Nating Yang (Cardiff University) , Olga Sanahuja‐parejo (Instituto de Carboquímica (ICB-CSIC)) , Qian He (Cardiff University) , David J. Morgan (Cardiff University) , Tomas Garcia (Instituto de Carboquímica (ICB-CSIC)) , Stuart H. Taylor (Cardiff University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Chemcatchem , VOL 12 , PAGES 3097 - 3107

State: Published (Approved)
Published: June 2020
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 21641 , 22766

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: A high surface area mesoporous TiO2 material (110 m2/g) was synthesised using a nanocasting methodology, utilizing SBA‐15 as a hard template. This material was subsequently used as a support to prepare a series of 1 wt.% AuPt/TiO2 catalysts, synthesised by conventional impregnation and sol‐immobilisation. Catalysts were tested for the oxidation of glycerol to lactic acid and their performance was compared with corresponding catalysts supported on TiO2−P25, TiO2‐anatase and TiO2‐rutile. Higher rates of reaction and higher selectivity to lactic acid were observed over nanocast TiO2 supported catalysts. The increased performance of these catalysts was attributed to the presence of Si on the surface of the support, which likely arose from inefficient etching of the SBA‐15 template. The presence of Si in these catalysts was confirmed by X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy. It was proposed that the residual Si present increases the Brønsted acidity of the TiO2 support, which can lead to the formation of Lewis acid sites under reaction conditions; both sites are known to catalyse the dehydration of a primary alcohol in glycerol. Typically, under alkaline conditions, lactic acid is formed by the nucleophilic abstraction of a hydrogen. Thus, we propose that the improved selectivity to lactic acid over the nanocast TiO2 supported catalyst is attributed to the co‐operation of heterogeneous and homogeneous dehydration reactions, as both compete directly with a direct oxidation pathway, which leads to the formation of oxidation products such as glyceric and tartronic acid.

Journal Keywords: Aerobic Oxidation; Dehydration; Glycerol; Nanocasting; Lactic Acid

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials

Diamond Offline Facilities: Electron Physical Sciences Imaging Centre (ePSIC)
Instruments: E01-JEM ARM 200CF

Added On: 20/04/2021 10:51

Discipline Tags:

Physical Chemistry Catalysis Chemistry Materials Science Organic Chemistry Nanoscience/Nanotechnology

Technical Tags:

Microscopy Electron Microscopy (EM) Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)