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High-pressure structural systematics in neodymium up to 302 GPa

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.103.134117 DOI Help

Authors: S. E. Finnegan (The University of Edinburgh) , C. V. Storm (The University of Edinburgh) , E. J. Pace (The University of Edinburgh) , M. I. Mcmahon (The University of Edinburgh) , S. G. Macleod (AWE; The University of Edinburgh) , E. Plekhanov (King's College London) , N. Bonini (King's College London) , C. Weber (King's College London)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Physical Review B , VOL 103

State: Published (Approved)
Published: April 2021

Abstract: Angle-dispersive x-ray powder diffraction experiments have been performed on neodymium metal to a pressure of 302 GPa. Up to 70 GPa we observe the h P 4 → c F 4 → h R 24 → o I 16 → h P 3 transition sequence reported previously. At 71(2) GPa we find a transition to a phase which has an orthorhombic structure ( o F 8 ) with eight atoms in the unit cell, space group F d d d . This structure is the same as that recently observed in samarium above 93 GPa, and is isostructural with high-pressure structures found in the actinides Am, Cf, and Cm. We see a further phase transition at 98(1) GPa to a phase with the orthorhombic α -U ( o C 4 ) structure, which remains stable up to 302 GPa, the highest pressure reached in this study. Electronic structure calculations find the same structural sequence, with calculated transition pressures of 66 and 88 GPa, respectively, for the h P 3 → F 8 and o F 8 → o C 4 transitions. The calculations further predict that o C 4 -Nd loses its magnetism at 100 GPa, in agreement with previous experimental results, and it is the accompanying decrease in enthalpy and volume that results in the transition to this phase. Comparison calculations on the o F 8 and o C 4 phases of Sm show that they both retain their magnetism to at least 240 GPa, with the result that o C 4 -Sm is calculated to have the lowest enthalpy over a narrow pressure region near 200 GPa at 0 K.

Journal Keywords: Electronic structure; Pressure effects

Subject Areas: Materials, Physics


Instruments: I15-Extreme Conditions

Other Facilities: P02.2 at PETRA III; 9.5HPT at Synchrotron Radiation Source (SRS)

Added On: 27/04/2021 09:30

Discipline Tags:

Physics Hard condensed matter - structures Materials Science

Technical Tags:

Diffraction X-ray Powder Diffraction