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Insights into the electric double-layer capacitance of two-dimensional electrically conductive metal–organic frameworks

DOI: 10.1039/D1TA04026J DOI Help

Authors: Jamie W. Gittins (University of Cambridge) , Chloe J. Balhatchet (University of Cambridge,) , Yuan Chen (University of Cambridge; Imperial College London; he Faraday Institution) , Cheng Liu (University of Cambridge) , David G. Madden (University of Cambridge) , Sylvia Britto (Diamond Light Source) , Matthias J. Golomb (Imperial College London) , Aron Walsh (Imperial College London) , David Fairen-Jimenez (University of Cambridge) , Sian E. Dutton (University of Cambridge) , Alexander C. Forse (University of Cambridge)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Materials Chemistry A , VOL 6

State: Published (Approved)
Published: June 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 14239

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Two-dimensional electrically conductive metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as promising model electrodes for use in electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs). However, a number of fundamental questions about the behaviour of this class of materials in EDLCs remain unanswered, including the effect of the identity of the metal node and organic linker molecule on capacitive performance, and the limitations of current conductive MOFs in these devices relative to traditional activated carbon electrode materials. Herein, we address both these questions via a detailed study of the capacitive performance of the framework Cu3(HHTP)2 (HHTP = 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexahydroxytriphenylene) with an acetonitrile-based electrolyte, finding a specific capacitance of 110–114 F g−1 at current densities of 0.04–0.05 A g−1 and a modest rate capability. By directly comparing its performance with the previously reported analogue, Ni3(HITP)2 (HITP = 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene), we illustrate that capacitive performance is largely independent of the identity of the metal node and organic linker molecule in these nearly isostructural MOFs. Importantly, this result suggests that EDLC performance in general is uniquely defined by the 3D structure of the electrodes and the electrolyte, a significant finding not demonstrated using traditional electrode materials. Finally, we probe the limitations of Cu3(HHTP)2 in EDLCs, finding a limited stable double-layer voltage window of 1 V and only a modest capacitance retention of 81% over 30 000 cycles, both significantly lower than state-of-the-art porous carbons. These important insights will aid the design of future conductive MOFs with greater EDLC performances.

Journal Keywords: MOFs; Electrical Double Layer Capacitors

Subject Areas: Materials, Energy, Chemistry


Instruments: B18-Core EXAFS

Added On: 23/07/2021 11:58

Documents:
d1ta04026j.pdf

Discipline Tags:

Physical Chemistry Energy Energy Storage Materials Science Metallurgy Metal-Organic Frameworks Chemistry Organometallic Chemistry

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES)