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Facile synthesis of electrically conductive and heatable nanoparticle/nanocarbon hybrid aerogels

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c10428 DOI Help

Authors: Dong Xia (University of Leeds) , Jamie Mannering (University of Leeds) , Qun Li (Xiamen University) , Alexander F. Massey (University of Leeds) , Alexander N. Kulak (University of Leeds) , Heng Li (Xiamen University) , Robert Menzel (University of Leeds) , Peng Huang (University of Manchester)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces

State: Published (Approved)
Published: July 2021

Abstract: Joule heating studies on nanoparticle/nanocarbon hybrid aerogels have been reported, but systematic investigations on hydrotalcite-derived catalysts supported onto reduced graphene oxide (rGO) aerogels are rare. In this study, hydrotalcite-derived Cu-Al2O3 nanoparticles were incorporated into a porous and multifunctional rGO aerogel support for fabricating electrically conducting Cu-Al2O3/rGO hybrid aerogels, and their properties were investigated in detail. The hybridization of Cu-Al2O3 with a 3D nanocarbon support network imparts additional functionalities to the widely used functional inorganic nanoparticles, such as direct electrical framework heating and easy regeneration and separation of spent nanoparticles, with well-spaced nanoparticle segregation. 3D variable-range hopping model fitting confirmed that electrons were able to reach the entire aerogel to enable uniform resistive heating. The conductivity of the nanocarbon support framework facilitates uniform and fast heating (up to 636 K/min) of the embedded nanoparticles at very low energy consumption, while the large porosity and high thermal conductivity enable efficient heat dissipation during natural cooling (up to 336 K/min). The thermal stability of the hybrid aerogel was demonstrated by repeated heating/cooling cycling at different temperatures that were relevant to important industrial applications. The facile synthetic approach can be easily adapted to fabricate other types of multifunctional nanoparticle/nanocarbon hybrid aerogels, such as the MgAl-MMO/rGO aerogel and the Ni-Al2O3/rGO aerogel. These findings open up new routes to the functionalization of inorganic nanoparticles and extend their application ranges that involve electrical/thermal heating, temperature-dependent catalysis, sorption, and sensing.

Journal Keywords: graphene aerogel; nanoparticle/nanocarbon hybrid; Joule heating; support framework; layered double hydroxide

Subject Areas: Materials, Chemistry

Instruments: B18-Core EXAFS

Added On: 23/07/2021 14:45

Discipline Tags:

Inorganic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Materials Science Nanoscience/Nanotechnology Soft condensed matter physics Chemistry

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES)