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Mapping flow evolution in gas tungsten arc weld pools

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2021.121679 DOI Help

Authors: Fan Wu (The University of Manchester) , Thomas F. Flint (The University of Manchester) , Ken Vidar Falch (The University of Manchester) , Michael C. Smith (The University of Manchester) , Michael Drakopoulos (Diamond Light Source) , Wajira Mirihanage (The University of Manchester)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: International Journal Of Heat And Mass Transfer , VOL 179

State: Published (Approved)
Published: November 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 20611

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: The complex flow within the molten metallic pool, during advanced manufacturing and joining processes such as welding and additive manufacturing, directly affects the performance of the final components; through the generation of various microstructures and strain gradients. Understanding of the flow within such melt pools can enhance the predictability of the final microstructures and therefore component performance. In situ synchrotron X-ray imaging is employed to observe and map the evolving flow patterns within gas tungsten arc weld pools using tracking particles. The experimentally observed flow patterns are compared with numerical simulations to gain additional insights on accurate predictability in relevance to the physical driving forces within the flow. The spatio-temporal distribution of the flow using the mapped data is analyzed by considering the evolution of driving forces acting throughout the weld pool. The results demonstrate quantitative benchmark flow mapping with confirmation of the overall mechanisms of weld pool flow.

Journal Keywords: Gas tungsten arc welding; Melt pool flow; X-ray imaging; Time resolved imaging

Diamond Keywords: Alloys; Welding

Subject Areas: Materials, Engineering


Instruments: I12-JEEP: Joint Engineering, Environmental and Processing

Documents:
1-s2.0-S0017931021007857-main.pdf

Discipline Tags:

Material Sciences Engineering & Technology Industrial Engineering Metallurgy

Technical Tags:

Imaging