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2021 roadmap for sodium-ion batteries

DOI: 10.1088/2515-7655/ac01ef DOI Help

Authors: Nuria Tapia-Ruiz (Lancaster University; The Faraday Institution) , A. Robert Armstrong (The Faraday Institution; University of St. Andrews) , Hande Alptekin (Imperial College London) , Marco A. Amores (The Faraday Institution; University of Sheffield) , Heather Au (Imperial College London) , Jerry Barker (Faradion Limited) , Rebecca Boston (The Faraday Institution; University of Sheffield) , William R Brant (Uppsala University) , Jake M. Brittain (ISIS Neutron and Muon Spallation Source; University of Oxford) , Yue Chen (The Faraday Institution; Lancaster University) , Manish Chhowalla (The Faraday Institution; University of Cambridge) , Yong-Seok Choi (The Faraday Institution; University College London) , Sara I. R. Costa (Lancaster University; The Faraday Institution) , Maria Crespo Ribadeneyra (Imperial College London) , Serena A Cussen (The Faraday Institution; University of Sheffield) , Edmund J. Cussen (The Faraday Institution; University of Sheffield) , William I. F. David (ISIS Neutron and Muon Spallation Source; University of Oxford) , Aamod V Desai (The Faraday Institution; University of St. Andrews) , Stewart A. M. Dickson (The Faraday Institution; University of St. Andrews) , Emmanuel I. Eweka (Amte Power Ltd) , Juan D. Forero-Saboya (Institut de Ciéncia de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC)) , Clare Grey (The Faraday Institution; University of Cambridge) , John M. Griffin (Lancaster University; The Faraday Institution) , Peter Gross (The Faraday Institution; University of Sheffield) , Xiao Hua (The Faraday Institution; University of Sheffield) , John T. S. Irvine (The Faraday Institution; University of St. Andrews) , Patrik Johansson (Chalmers University of Technology; Alistore-ERI, CNRS FR 3104) , Martin O. Jones (The Faraday Institution; Science and Technology Facilities Council) , Martin Karlsmo (Chalmers University of Technology) , Emma Kendrick (University of Birmingham) , Eunjeong Kim (The Faraday Institution; University of St. Andrews) , Oleg V Kolosov (The Faraday Institution; Lancaster University) , Zhuangnan Li (The Faraday Institution; University of Cambridge) , Stijn F L Mertens (Lancaster University; University of St. Andrews) , Ronnie Mogensen (Uppsala University) , Laure Monconduit (ICGM, University Montpellier, CNRS; RS2E, CNRS) , Russell E Morris (Lancaster University; University of St. Andrews; Charles University) , Andrew J. Naylor (Uppsala University) , Shahin Nikman (Lancaster University; The Faraday Institution) , Christopher A O’keefe (The Faraday Institution; University of Cambridge) , Darren M. C. Ould (The Faraday Institution; University of Cambridge) , Robert G. Palgrave (The Faraday Institution) , Philippe Poizot (Université de Nantes, CNRS, Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, IMN) , Alexandre Ponrouch (Institut de Ciéncia de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC)) , Stéven Renault (Université de Nantes, CNRS, Institut des Matériaux Jean Rouxel, IMN) , Emily M. Reynolds (The Faraday Institution; Science and Technology Facilities Council) , Ashish Rudola (Faradion Limited) , Ruth Sayers (Faradion Limited) , David O. Scanlon (The Faraday Institution; University College London; Diamond Light Source) , S. Sen (The Faraday Institution; University College London) , Valerie R. Seymour (Lancaster University; The Faraday Institution) , Begoña Silván (Lancaster University; The Faraday Institution) , Moulay Tahar Sougrati (ICGM, University Montpellier, CNRS; RS2E, CNRS) , Lorenzo Stievano (ICGM, University Montpellier, CNRS; RS2E, CNRS) , Grant S. Stone (Amte Power Ltd) , Chris I. Thomas (The Faraday Institution; University of Sheffield) , Maria-Magdalena Titirici (Imperial College London) , Jincheng Tong (The Faraday Institution; University of Cambridge) , Thomas J. Wood (ISIS Neutron and Muon Spallation Source) , Dominic S Wright (The Faraday Institution; University of Cambridge) , Reza Younesi (Uppsala University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Physics: Energy , VOL 3

State: Published (Approved)
Published: July 2021

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Increasing concerns regarding the sustainability of lithium sources, due to their limited availability and consequent expected price increase, have raised awareness of the importance of developing alternative energy-storage candidates that can sustain the ever-growing energy demand. Furthermore, limitations on the availability of the transition metals used in the manufacturing of cathode materials, together with questionable mining practices, are driving development towards more sustainable elements. Given the uniformly high abundance and cost-effectiveness of sodium, as well as its very suitable redox potential (close to that of lithium), sodium-ion battery technology offers tremendous potential to be a counterpart to lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) in different application scenarios, such as stationary energy storage and low-cost vehicles. This potential is reflected by the major investments that are being made by industry in a wide variety of markets and in diverse material combinations. Despite the associated advantages of being a drop-in replacement for LIBs, there are remarkable differences in the physicochemical properties between sodium and lithium that give rise to different behaviours, for example, different coordination preferences in compounds, desolvation energies, or solubility of the solid–electrolyte interphase inorganic salt components. This demands a more detailed study of the underlying physical and chemical processes occurring in sodium-ion batteries and allows great scope for groundbreaking advances in the field, from lab-scale to scale-up. This roadmap provides an extensive review by experts in academia and industry of the current state of the art in 2021 and the different research directions and strategies currently underway to improve the performance of sodium-ion batteries. The aim is to provide an opinion with respect to the current challenges and opportunities, from the fundamental properties to the practical applications of this technology.

Diamond Keywords: Batteries; Sodium-ion

Subject Areas: Materials, Chemistry, Energy


Technical Areas:

Added On: 02/08/2021 09:13

Documents:
Tapia-Ruiz_2021_J._Phys._Energy_3_031503.pdf

Discipline Tags:

Physical Chemistry Energy Energy Storage Materials Science Energy Materials Chemistry

Technical Tags: