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Mechanisms of gas and shrinkage porosity formation in solidifying shear bands

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2021.117338 DOI Help

Authors: Shishira Bhagavath (University College London; Research Complex at Harwell) , Zhixuan Gong (Research Complex at Harwell; Indian Institute of Technology Bombay) , Tim Wigger (Research Complex at Harwell; Indian Institute of Technology Bombay) , Saurabh Shah (Research Complex at Harwell; Indian Institute of Technology Bombay) , Bita Ghaffari (Ford Research and Advanced Engineering) , Mei Li (Ford Research and Advanced Engineering) , Shashidhara Marathe (Diamond Light Source) , Shyamprasad Karagadde (University College London) , Peter D. Lee (Research Complex at Harwell; Indian Institute of Technology Bombay)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Materials Processing Technology , VOL 26

State: Published (Approved)
Published: August 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 22053

Abstract: In specialised solidification processing techniques such as High Pressure Die Casting, Twin-Roll Casting and others, an additional external deformation load is applied to achieve the required shape, leading to the formation of microstructural features such as shear bands. The mechanism for forming these features is believed to be dependent on dynamically evolving strain fields, which are dependent on the local solid fraction, applied strain rates and casting geometry. To investigate this, a semisolid ( 50 % solid fraction) Al-10 wt.% Cu alloy is isothermally injected into a bespoke die using a custom-designed thermo-mechanical rig. The semisolid deformation, formation of Cu-rich dilatant bands and subsequent pore nucleation and growth are captured using fast synchrotron X-ray radiography. The local normal and shear strains acting on the mush are quantified using Digital image correlation to identify the dilatant shear bands and the dominant local strain component. Correlating the radiographs with strain maps reveals that gas pores within the dilated interstices grow, while those in compressed regions are squeezed out. A linear correlation between accumulated volumetric strain and porosity volume fraction demonstrates that higher dilations give rise to a local increase in both gas and shrinkage porosity.

Journal Keywords: Semisolid; Dilatancy; X-ray radiography; Digital image correlation; Gas porosity

Diamond Keywords: Alloys

Subject Areas: Materials, Engineering

Instruments: I13-2-Diamond Manchester Imaging

Added On: 30/08/2021 11:27

Discipline Tags:

Materials Engineering & Processes Materials Science Engineering & Technology Metallurgy

Technical Tags:

Imaging Tomography