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Comparative performance of PETase as a function of reaction conditions, substrate properties, and product accumulation

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202101932 DOI Help

Authors: Erika Erickson (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Thomas J. Shakespeare (University of Portsmouth) , Felicia Bratti (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Bonnie L. Buss (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Rosie Graham (University of Portsmouth) , Mckenzie A. Hawkins (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Gerhard König (University of Portsmouth) , William E. Michener (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Joel Miscall (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Kelsey J. Ramirez (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Nicholas A. Rorrer (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) , Michael Zahn (University of Portsmouth) , Andrew R. Pickford (University of Portsmouth) , John E. Mcgeehan (University of Portsmouth) , Gregg Beckham (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Chemsuschem

State: Published (Approved)
Published: September 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 23269

Abstract: There is keen interest to develop new technologies to recycle the plastic poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). To this end, the use of PET-hydrolyzing enzymes has shown promise for PET deconstruction to its monomers, terephthalate (TPA) and ethylene glycol (EG). Here, we compare the Ideonella sakaiensis PETase wild-type enzyme to a previously reported improved variant (W159H/S238F). We compare the thermostability of each enzyme and describe a 1.45 Å resolution structure of the mutant, highlighting changes in the substrate binding cleft compared to the wild-type enzyme. Subsequently, the performance of the wild-type and variant enzyme was compared as a function of temperature, substrate morphology, and reaction mixture composition. These studies show that reaction temperature has the strongest influence on performance between the two enzymes. We also show that both enzymes achieve higher levels of PET conversion for substrates with moderate crystallinity relative to amorphous substrates. Finally, we assess the impact of product accumulation on reaction progress for the hydrolysis of both PET and bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET). Each enzyme displays different inhibition profiles to mono(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (MHET) and TPA, while both are sensitive to inhibition by EG. Overall, this study highlights the importance of reaction conditions, substrate selection, and product accumulation for catalytic performance of PET-hydrolyzing enzymes, which have implications for enzyme screening in the development of enzyme- based polyester recycling.

Journal Keywords: Chemical recycling; interfacial biocatalysis; IsPETase; kinetics; Michaelis-Menten; PET hydrolase

Diamond Keywords: Enzymes; Biodegradation; Plastics

Subject Areas: Materials, Chemistry, Environment

Instruments: I03-Macromolecular Crystallography

Added On: 01/10/2021 10:25

Discipline Tags:

Earth Sciences & Environment Biotechnology Climate Change Catalysis Chemistry Structural biology Materials Science Engineering & Technology Biophysics Polymer Science Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)