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Simultaneous large optical and piezoelectric effects induced by domain reconfiguration related to ferroelectric phase transitions

DOI: 10.1002/adma.202106827 DOI Help

Authors: Peter Finkel (US Naval Research Laboratory) , Markys G. Cain (Electrosciences Ltd) , Thomas Mion (US Naval Research Laboratory) , Margo Staruch (US Naval Research Laboratory) , Jakub Kolacz (US Naval Research Laboratory) , Sukriti Mantri (University of New South Wales) , Chad Newkirk (Rowan University) , Kyril Kavetsky (Rowan University) , John Thornton (Defence Science and Technology Group, Aerospace Division) , Junhai Xia (University of Sydney) , Marc Currie (US Naval Research Laboratory) , Thomas Hase (University of Warwick) , Alex Moser (US Naval Research Laboratory) , Paul Thompson (University of Liverpool; European Synchrotron Radiation Facility) , Christopher Lucas (University of Liverpool) , Andy Fitch (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility) , Julie M. Cairney (University of Sydney) , Scott D. Moss (Defence Science and Technology Group, Aerospace Division) , A. Gareth A. Nisbet (Diamond Light Source) , John E. Daniels (University of New South Wales) , Samuel E. Lofland (Rowan University)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Advanced Materials

State: Published (Approved)
Published: November 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 18924

Abstract: Electrical switching of ferroelectric domains and subsequent domain wall motion promotes strong piezoelectric activity; however, light scatters at refractive index discontinuities such as those found at domain wall boundaries. Thus, simultaneously achieving large piezoelectric effect and high optical transmissivity is generally deemed infeasible. Here, it is demonstrated that the ferroelectric domains in perovskite Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3 Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 domain-engineered crystals can be manipulated by electrical field and mechanical stress to reversibly and repeatably, with small hysteresis, transform the opaque poly-domain structure into a highly transparent mono-domain state. This control of optical properties can be achieved at very low electric fields (less than 1.5 kV cm−1) and is accompanied by a large (>10000 pm V−1) piezoelectric coefficient that is superior to that of linear state-of-the-art materials by a factor of three or more. The coexistence of tunable optical transmissivity and high piezoelectricity paves the way for a new class of photonic devices.

Journal Keywords: piezoelectric; single crystal; electrochromic; x-ray diffraction

Diamond Keywords: Piezoelectricity

Subject Areas: Materials, Physics, Energy

Instruments: I16-Materials and Magnetism

Other Facilities: ID22 at ESRF

Added On: 15/11/2021 13:26

Discipline Tags:

Quantum Materials Physics Energy Materials Materials Science Perovskites Metallurgy

Technical Tags: