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Kinetic modeling of hydrocracking of low-density polyethylene in a batch reactor

DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c06231 DOI Help

Authors: Abdulrahman Bin Jumah (King Saud University) , Maryam Malekshahian (University of Manchester) , Aleksander A. Tedstone (University of Manchester) , Arthur A. Garforth (University of Manchester)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acs Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering

State: Published (Approved)
Published: November 2021

Abstract: Hydrocracking offers potential for the selective recovery of useful chemical fractions from polyolefin waste at relatively moderate reaction conditions with the possibility of heteroatom and contaminant tolerance. This study develops a kinetic model for low-density polyethylene (LDPE) hydrocracking over a bifunctional zeolite, namely, 1%Pt-β, using a lumping model that describes the kinetics in a batch process. In developing the kinetic model, mass transfer limitations and vapor–liquid equilibrium were taken into consideration. Kinetic parameters were estimated from experimental results obtained at a hydrogen pressure of 20 bar and different reaction temperatures (250–300 °C) as well as different batch reaction times (0–40 min). Kinetic parameters, mass transfer coefficients, and effectiveness factors were determined using a nonlinear regression model of the experimental results via MATLAB software. The physical properties of the product streams as well as vapor–liquid equilibrium data of the system were estimated using the flash unit in Aspen HYSYS software. The product stream was dominated by the naphtha fraction, decreasing with longer batch times. The results of the model indicate mild gas–liquid mass transfer limitation and unavoidable diffusion limitations of the macromolecules of molten LDPE and heavy liquid through the catalyst pores, especially at high reaction temperatures.

Journal Keywords: hydrocracking; polyolefins recycling; kinetics; mass transfer limitation; diffusion

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials

Instruments: B18-Core EXAFS

Added On: 29/11/2021 08:24

Discipline Tags:

Catalysis Chemical Engineering Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Earth Sciences & Environment Zeolites Desertification & Pollution Engineering & Technology Materials Science Polymer Science Chemistry

Technical Tags:

Spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)