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Improving ultra-fast charging performance and durability of all solid state thin film Li-NMC battery-on-chip systems by in situ TEM lamella analysis

DOI: 10.1016/j.apmt.2021.101282 DOI Help

Authors: León Romano Brandt (University of Oxford) , Kazunori Nishio (Tokyo Institute of Technology) , Enrico Salvati (University of Oxford; University of Udine) , Kevin P. Simon (Massachusetts Institute of Technology; University of Oxford) , Chrysanthi Papadaki (University of Oxford) , Taro Hitosugi (Tokyo Institute of Technology) , Alexander M. Korsunsky (University of Oxford)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Applied Materials Today , VOL 26

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2021
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 24560

Abstract: All solid state, thin film Li-NMC batteries produced by Physical Vapour Deposition have the potential to revolutionize the internet of things by integrating ultra-fast charging and high energy densities into small portable devices. In these systems, the integrity of the cathode-solid electrolyte interface is of particular importance, as it determines the internal battery resistance and attainable charge rate. To understand and control the effect of manufacturing parameters on the performance and interface stability in these systems, as well as the mechanisms resulting in interface degradation, a novel approach was used that combined in situ battery lamella charging with electron nano-diffraction and multiphysics Finite Element modeling. Experimentally observed cathode strains and degradation were correlated with deposition parameter-controlled grain orientation, to determine ideal deposition conditions for enhanced thin film battery charging and discharging behavior. It was identified that (104) oriented cathode grains minimize anode-electrolyte interface degradation, while allowing for high charge and discharge rates, as well as significantly reducing the cathode-electrolyte interface resistance. Furthermore, the residual stress state of individual thin film battery layers, as well as the cathode grain orientation were identified as material design parameters to optimize cell performance and durability with potential capacity retention enhancements of up to 28%.

Journal Keywords: All solid state batteries; NMC, thin film; FIB-DIC; in situ charging; Electron nano-diffraction; Fast charging; Modelling

Diamond Keywords: Batteries; Solid-State Batteries (SSB); Lithium-ion

Subject Areas: Materials, Energy, Chemistry

Diamond Offline Facilities: Electron Physical Sciences Imaging Centre (ePSIC)
Instruments: E01-JEM ARM 200CF

Added On: 01/12/2021 09:25

Discipline Tags:

Physical Chemistry Energy Energy Storage Materials Science Energy Materials Physics Surfaces interfaces and thin films Chemistry

Technical Tags:

Microscopy Electron Microscopy (EM) Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)