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The engineered CD80 variant fusion therapeutic davoceticept combines checkpoint antagonism with conditional CD28 costimulation for anti-tumor immunity

DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-29286-5 DOI Help

Authors: Mark F. Maurer (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Katherine E. Lewis (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Joseph L. Kuijper (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Dan Ardourel (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Chelsea J. Gudgeon (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Siddarth Chandrasekaran (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Sherri L. Mudri (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Kayla N. Kleist (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Chris Navas (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Martin F. Wolfson (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Mark W. Rixon (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Ryan Swanson (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Stacey R. Dillon (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Steven D. Levin (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Yengo Raymond Kimbung (SARomics Biostructures AB) , Masato Akutsu (SARomics Biostructures AB) , Derek T. Logan (SARomics Biostructures AB) , Björn Walse (SARomics Biostructures AB) , Kristine M. Swiderek (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc) , Stanford L. Peng (Alpine Immune Sciences, Inc)
Co-authored by industrial partner: Yes

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Nature Communications , VOL 13

State: Published (Approved)
Published: April 2022
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 20028

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Despite the recent clinical success of T cell checkpoint inhibition targeting the CTLA-4 and PD-1 pathways, many patients either fail to achieve objective responses or they develop resistance to therapy. In some cases, poor responses to checkpoint blockade have been linked to suboptimal CD28 costimulation and the inability to generate and maintain a productive adaptive anti-tumor immune response. To address this, here we utilize directed evolution to engineer a CD80 IgV domain with increased PD-L1 affinity and fuse this to an immunoglobulin Fc domain, creating a therapeutic (ALPN-202, davoceticept) capable of providing CD28 costimulation in a PD-L1-dependent fashion while also antagonizing PD-1 - PD-L1 and CTLA-4–CD80/CD86 interactions. We demonstrate that by combining CD28 costimulation and dual checkpoint inhibition, ALPN-202 enhances T cell activation and anti-tumor efficacy in cell-based assays and mouse tumor models more potently than checkpoint blockade alone and thus has the potential to generate potent, clinically meaningful anti-tumor immunity in humans.

Journal Keywords: Cancer immunotherapy; Recombinant protein therapy

Diamond Keywords: Immunotherapy

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Medicine

Instruments: I03-Macromolecular Crystallography

Added On: 11/04/2022 10:52


Discipline Tags:

Non-Communicable Diseases Health & Wellbeing Cancer Structural biology Drug Discovery Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)