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Directly imaging emergence of phase separation in peroxidized lipid membranes

DOI: 10.1038/s42004-022-00809-x DOI Help

Authors: Miguel Paez-Perez (Imperial College London) , Aurimas Vyšniauskas (Imperial College London; Center of Physical Sciences and Technology (Lithuania)) , Ismael López-Duarte (Imperial College London; Universidad Complutense de Madrid) , Eulalie J. Lafarge (CNRS and University of Strasbourg) , Raquel López-Ríos De Castro (King's College London) , Carlos M. Marques (CNRS and University of Strasbourg; University of Lyon) , André P. Schroder (CNRS and University of Strasbourg; University of Lyon) , Pierre Muller (CNRS and University of Strasbourg) , Christian D. Lorenz (King's College London) , Nicholas J. Brooks (Imperial College London) , Marina K. Kuimova (Imperial College London)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Communications Chemistry , VOL 6

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2023

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Lipid peroxidation is a process which is key in cell signaling and disease, it is exploited in cancer therapy in the form of photodynamic therapy. The appearance of hydrophilic moieties within the bilayer’s hydrocarbon core will dramatically alter the structure and mechanical behavior of membranes. Here, we combine viscosity sensitive fluorophores, advanced microscopy, and X-ray diffraction and molecular simulations to directly and quantitatively measure the bilayer’s structural and viscoelastic properties, and correlate these with atomistic molecular modelling. Our results indicate an increase in microviscosity and a decrease in the bending rigidity upon peroxidation of the membranes, contrary to the trend observed with non-oxidized lipids. Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy and MD simulations give evidence for the presence of membrane regions of different local order in the oxidized membranes. We hypothesize that oxidation promotes stronger lipid-lipid interactions, which lead to an increase in the lateral heterogeneity within the bilayer and the creation of lipid clusters of higher order.

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I22-Small angle scattering & Diffraction

Added On: 23/01/2023 08:34


Discipline Tags:

Non-Communicable Diseases Health & Wellbeing Cancer Biochemistry Chemistry Biophysics Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Scattering Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS)