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Practical perspectives and roles of XRD in drug discovery: a review

DOI: 10.2174/0115734110296435240323113938 DOI Help

Authors: Ashish Mehta (ISF College of Pharmacy) , Rahul Makhija (ISF College of Pharmacy) , Pallavi Barik (ISF College of Pharmacy) , Shubham Dhiman (National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)) , Ghanshyam Das Gupta (ISF College of Pharmacy) , Vivek Asati (ISF College of Pharmacy)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Current Analytical Chemistry , VOL 20 , PAGES 449 - 470

State: Published (Approved)
Published: August 2024

Abstract: Biophysical techniques include various methodologies applied in studying biological systems at the molecular and cellular level for the drug discovery process. Various methods like isothermal calorimetry, electron microscopy, XRD (X-ray diffraction), electron microscopy, mass spectrometry, atomic force microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, surface plasmon resonance, and nuclear magnetic resonance are important techniques for drug discovery. Out of these techniques, XRD is widely employed in structure-based drug discovery, whereas FBDD (fragment-based drug discovery) is widely used in the different phases of drug discovery. XRD was considered one of the most important tools for structure determination of biomolecules and peptides. Consistent development and advancement in XRD improved the various aspects of data processing, collection, sample loading, and increased throughput. This advancement is crucial in obtaining highly resolved protein and other biomolecule crystal structures. The structure obtained from XRD forms the core of structure-based drug discovery and FBDD. This review article focuses on the different roles of biophysical techniques with special emphasis on advancement, data collection, and XRD's role in different drug discovery phases.

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Medicine


Instruments: I24-Microfocus Macromolecular Crystallography

Other Facilities: PⅫⅠ at SLS

Added On: 19/06/2024 08:34

Discipline Tags:

Health & Wellbeing Structural biology Biophysics Drug Discovery Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)