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Yersinia pestis TIR-domain protein forms dimers that interact with the human adaptor protein MyD88

DOI: 10.1016/j.micpath.2011.05.004 DOI Help

Authors: Rohini Rana (Imperial College London) , Peter Simpson (Imperial College London) , Minghao Zhang (Imperial College London) , Matthew Jennions (Diamond Light Source) , Chimaka Ukegbu (Imperial College London) , Abigail M. Spear (Defence Science and Technology Laboratory) , Yilmaz Alguel (Imperial College MSF) , Steve Matthews (Imperial College London) , Helen S. Atkins (Defence Science and Technology Laboratory) , Bernadette Byrne (Imperial College London)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Microbial Pathogenesis , VOL 51 (3) , PAGES 89-95

State: Published (Approved)
Published: September 2011

Abstract: Recent research has highlighted the presence of Toll/Interleukin 1 receptor (TIR)-domain proteins (Tdps) in a range of bacteria, suggested to form interactions with the human adaptor protein MyD88 and inhibit intracellular signaling from Toll-like receptors (TLRs). A Tdp has been identified in Yersinia pestis (YpTdp), a highly pathogenic bacterium responsible for plague. Expression of a number of YpTIR constructs of differing lengths (YpTIR1, S130-A285; YpTIR2, I137-I273; YpTIR3, I137-246; YpTIR4, D107-S281) as fusions with an N-terminal GB1 tag (the B1 immunoglobulin domain of Streptococcal protein G) yielded high levels of soluble protein. Subsequent purification yielded 4–6 mg/L pure, folded protein. Thrombin cleavage allowed separation of the GB1 tag from YpTIR4 resulting in folded protein after cleavage. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography, SDS-PAGE analysis and static light scattering all indicate that the YpTIR forms dimers. Generation of a double Cys-less mutant resulted in an unstable protein containing mainly monomers indicating the importance of disulphide bonds in dimer formation. In addition, the YpTIR constructs have been shown to interact with the human adaptor protein MyD88 using 2D NMR and GST pull down. YpTIR is an excellent candidate for further study of the mechanism of action of pathogenic bacterial Tdps.

Journal Keywords: Innate immune evasion; TIR domain protein; Yersinia pestis; Pathogenic; MyD88

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

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Added On: 03/08/2011 10:43

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