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Crystal structure of reduced and of oxidized peroxiredoxin IV reveals a stable oxidized decamer and a non disulfide-bonded intermediate in the catalytic cycle

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.298810 DOI Help
PMID: 21994946 PMID Help

Authors: Zhenbo Cao (University of Glasgow) , Timothy J. Tavender (University of Glasgow) , Aleksander W. Roszak (University of Glasgow) , Richard J. Cogdell (University of Glasgow) , Neil J. Bulleid (University of Glasgow)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Biological Chemistry

State: Published (Approved)
Published: October 2011
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 6853

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Peroxiredoxin IV (PrxIV) is an endoplasmic reticulum-localized enzyme that metabolizes the hydrogen peroxide produced by endoplasmic reticulum oxidase 1 (Ero1). It has been shown to play a role in de novo disulfide formation, oxidizing members of the protein disulfide isomerase family of enzymes, and is a member of the typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxin family. We have determined the crystal structure of both reduced and disulfide-bonded, as well as a resolving cysteine mutant of human PrxIV. We show that PrxIV has a similar structure to other typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxins and undergoes a conformational change from a fully folded to a locally unfolded form following the formation of a disulfide between the peroxidatic and resolving cysteine residues. Unlike other mammalian typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxins, we show that human PrxIV forms a stable decameric structure even in its disulfide-bonded state. In addition, the structure of a resolving cysteine mutant reveals an intermediate in the reaction cycle that adopts the locally unfolded conformation. Interestingly the peroxidatic cysteine in the crystal structure is sulfenylated rather than sulfinylated or sulfonylated. In addition, the peroxidatic cysteine in the resolving cysteine mutant is resistant to hyper-oxidation following incubation with high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. These results highlight some unique properties of PrxIV and suggest that the equilibrium between the fully folded and locally unfolded forms favors the locally unfolded conformation upon sulfenylation of the peroxidatic cysteine residue.

Journal Keywords: Catalytic; Chromatography; Crystallography; X-Ray; Cysteine; Disulfides; Escherichia; Humans; Hydrogen; Kinetics; Models; Chemical; Models; Molecular; Mutation; Oxidative; Oxygen; Peroxiredoxins

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials, Chemistry


Instruments: I04-Macromolecular Crystallography