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Application of Microfocus X-Ray Beams from Synchrotrons in Heritage Conservation

DOI: 10.1080/15583058.2010.528825 DOI Help

Authors: Alan Chadwick (University of Kent at Canterbury) , Aaron Berko (University of Kent at Canterbury) , Eleanor Schofield (Mary Rose Trust) , Mark Jones (Mary Rose Trust) , Fred Mosselmans (Diamond Light Source) , Andrew Smith (STFC, Daresbury Laboratory,)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: International Journal Of Architectural Heritage , VOL 6 (2) , PAGES 228 - 258

State: Published (Approved)
Published: October 2011
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 1205

Abstract: Synchrotron-based techniques are becoming increasingly important in heritage science and the aim of this article is to describe how recently developed microfocus methods can probe the elemental composition, speciation and structure at the micron level in samples from structures. Firstly an outline is given of the major techniques that are used, namely x-ray fluorescence, diffraction and absorption spectroscopy, and the information that they can provide. This is followed by a description of the experimental set-up and procedures. The application of the methods is exemplified by case studies of the degradation of three types of historic structural materials; marble, glass and ship timbers. The results of the studies and their role in developing conservation strategies are described.

Journal Keywords: Microfocus X-Rays; Synchrotron; X-Ray Absorption; X-Ray Fluorescence; Conservation; Marble; Glass; Ship Timbers

Subject Areas: Archaeological and Cultural Heritage


Instruments: I18-Microfocus Spectroscopy