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A furnace and environmental cell for the in situ investigation of molten salt electrolysis using high-energy X-ray diffraction

DOI: 10.1107/S0909049511039124 DOI Help
PMID: 22186642 PMID Help

Authors: Mark Styles (University of Melbourne) , Matthew Rowles (CSIRO) , Ian Madsen (CSIRO) , Katherine Mcgregor (CSIRO Process Science and Engineering) , Andrew Urban (CSIRO) , Graeme Snook (CSIRO) , Nicola Scarlett (CSIRO Process Science and Engineering) , Daniel Riley (University of Melbourne)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Synchrotron Radiation , VOL 19 (1) , PAGES 39-47

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2011

Abstract: This paper describes the design, construction and implementation of a relatively large controlled-atmosphere cell and furnace arrangement. The purpose of this equipment is to facilitate the in situ characterization of materials used in molten salt electrowinning cells, using high-energy X-ray scattering techniques such as synchrotron-based energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction. The applicability of this equipment is demonstrated by quantitative measurements of the phase composition of a model inert anode material, which were taken during an in situ study of an operational Fray-Farthing-Chen Cambridge electrowinning cell, featuring molten CaCl2 as the electrolyte. The feasibility of adapting the cell design to investigate materials in other high-temperature environments is also discussed.

Journal Keywords: X-Ray Diffraction; Energy Dispersive; In Situ; Molten Salt; Electrolysis

Subject Areas: Technique Development

Instruments: I12-JEEP: Joint Engineering, Environmental and Processing

Added On: 21/11/2011 08:52

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