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Cyanometallates as Halogen Bond Acceptors

DOI: 10.1021/cg200942u DOI Help

Authors: Johnathan E Ormond-prout (University of Sheffield) , Paul Smart (University of Sheffield) , Lee Brammer (University of Sheffield)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Crystal Growth & Design , VOL 12 (1) , PAGES 205-216

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2011

Abstract: Two families of halopyridnium hexacyanometallate salts, (3-XpyMe)3[M(CN)6] and (3,5-X2pyMe)3[M(CN)6] (X = I, Br; 3-XpyMe = N-methyl-3-halopyridinium; 3,5-XpyMe = N-methyl-3,5-dihalopyridinium; M = Cr, Fe, Co), have been synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Five of the six members of each family are characterized as isostructural compounds, two structures are reported as solvates, (3-IpyMe)3[Fe(CN)6]·2MeCN (2·2MeCN) and (3,5-Br2pyMe)3[Cr(CN)6]·4H2O (10·4H2O), and the solvate (3-IpyMe)3[Co(CN)6]·2MeCN (3·2MeCN) has been characterized in addition to the unsolvated 3. All halogens participate in halogen bonding, forming C–X···NC(M) halogen bonds and in one case a C–Br···O halogen bond (in 10·4H2O). The halogen bond distances are shorter than the corresponding sum of van der Waals radii, and stronger interactions are formed by iodine than bromine (I···N 2.789(7)–3.116(7), RIN 0.790–0.883; Br···N 2.884(3)–3.166(2), RBrN 0.848–0.931). Longer halogen bonds are formed in 10·4H2O (Br···N 3.041(6)–3.380(6), RBrN 0.894–0.994) due to competition from O–H···N hydrogen bonding. All halogen bonds have interaction geometries at the halogen close to linearity (most have C–X···N > 165°; smallest angle is 154.1(3)°). The geometry of interaction of the halogen bond donor (C–X) with the cyanide ligand either suggests interaction predominantly with the exo lone pair of the nitrogen atom (C≡N···X > 145°) or predominant involvement of the C≡N π-bond in the halogen bond (C≡N···X < 105°) acceptor role. The former are shorter interactions than the latter. Halogen bonds become shorter across each isostructural series for Cr > Fe > Co, and this is discussed in the context of metal-to-cyanide π-back-donation.

Subject Areas: Chemistry

Instruments: I19-Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction

Added On: 20/12/2011 13:04

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