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Selectivity and direct visualization of carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide in a decorated porous host

DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1457 DOI Help
PMID: 23089862 PMID Help

Authors: Sihai Yang (University of Nottingham) , Junliang Sun (Peking University, China) , Anibal J. Ramirez-cuesta (ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, U.K.) , Sam Callear (ISIS Pulsed Neutron and Muon Source) , William I. F. David (ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, U.K.) , Daniel P. Anderson (University of Nottingham, U.K.) , Ruth Newby (University of Nottingham) , Alexander J. Blake (University of Nottingham) , Julia Parker (Diamond Light Source) , Chiu Tang (Diamond Light Source) , Martin Schröder (University of Nottingham, U.K.)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Nature Chemistry , VOL 4 (11) , PAGES 887–894

State: Published (Approved)
Published: September 2012

Abstract: Understanding the mechanism by which porous solids trap harmful gases such as CO2 and SO2 is essential for the design of new materials for their selective removal. Materials functionalized with amine groups dominate this field, largely because of their potential to form carbamates through H2N(delta(-))center dot center dot center dot C(delta(+))O-2 interactions, thereby trapping CO2 covalently. However, the use of these materials is energy-intensive, with significant environmental impact. Here, we report a non-amine-containing porous solid (NOTT-300) in which hydroxyl groups within pores bind CO2 and SO2 selectively. In situ powder X-ray diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering studies, combined with modelling, reveal that hydroxyl groups bind CO2 and SO2 through the formation of O=C(S)=O(delta(-))center dot center dot center dot H(delta(+))-O hydrogen bonds, which are reinforced by weak supramolecular interactions with C-H atoms on the aromatic rings of the framework. This offers the potential for the application of new 'easy-on/easy-off' capture systems for CO2 and SO2 that carry fewer economic and environmental penalties.

Journal Keywords: Carbon Capture

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Energy, Environment

Instruments: I11-High Resolution Powder Diffraction