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One-Step Synthesis and Self-Assembly of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles into 3D Superlattices

DOI: 10.1021/nn3010735 DOI Help

Authors: Andrea Pucci (University of Aveiro) , Marc-georg Willinger (University of Aveiro; Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society) , Feng Liu (University of Sheffield) , Xiangbing Zeng (Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield) , Valentina Rebuttini (University of Aveiro) , Guylhaine Clavel (University of Aveiro) , Xue Bai (University of Aveiro) , Goran Ungar (University of Sheffield; Seoul National University (SNU)) , Nicola Pinna (University of Aveiro; Seoul National University (SNU))
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acs Nano , VOL 6 (5) , PAGES 4382 - 4391

State: Published (Approved)
Published: May 2012

Abstract: A simple one-pot approach based on the “benzyl alcohol route” is introduced for the fabrication of highly ordered supercrystals composed of highly uniform 3–4 nm zirconia and rare-earth stabilized zirconia nanoparticles. The as-fabricated supercrystals reach sizes larger than 10 ?m and present well-defined 3D morphologies such as flower-like, rhombic dodecahedron, and bipyramids. This system is unique in that the supercrystals are formed in one-step directly in the reaction medium where the nanoparticles are synthesized. The uniformity in nanocrystal shape and size is attributed to the in situ formation of benzoate species that directs the nanoparticle growth and assembly. The low colloidal stabilization of the benzoate-capped nanoparticles in benzyl alcohol promotes the formation of supercrystals in solution by ?–? interaction between the in situ formed benzoate ligands attached to neighboring particles. By varying the reaction temperature and the nature of the doping the way the nanobulding blocks assemble in the supercrystals could be controlled. Standard FCC superlattice packings were found together with more unusual ones with P6/mmm and R3?m symmetries.

Journal Keywords: Zirconium Oxide; Nanoparticles; Supercrystals; Mesocrystals; Assembly; Electron Microscopy

Subject Areas: Chemistry

Instruments: I22-Small angle scattering & Diffraction

Other Facilities: ESRF