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Agglomeration of Silver Nanoparticles in Sea Urchin

DOI: 10.11159/ijepr.2012.007 DOI Help

Authors: Sunthon Piticharoenphun (Newcastle University) , Lidija Siller (Newcastle University) , Marie-louise Lemloh (Universität Stuttgart) , Murielle Salome (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility) , Marine Cotte (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF)) , Burkhard Kaulich (Diamond Light Source) , Alessandra Gianoncelli (Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste) , Budhika G. Mendis (Durham University) , Ursel Bangert (The University of Manchester) , Nigel R. J. Poolton (European XFEL) , Benjamin R. Horrocks (Newcastle University) , Davorin Medaković (Ruder Boškovic Institute)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: International Journal Of Environmental Pollution And Remediation , VOL 1

State: Published (Approved)
Published: February 2013

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are one of the most important nanomaterials for toxicological study due to their extensive use in consumer products and their potential effects on both human and animal health, and the environment. There is, however, insufficient information on their impact on the marine environment. Here, we study the effect of AgNPs in sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) development by X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Agglomerated AgNPs were observed in sea urchin larva at 51 h after exposure to AgNPs with a concentration of 0.3 mg/L. XANES shows that agglomerated AgNPs contain oxidized Ag species complexed with S and O/N ligands. FTIR results confirm the presence of additional sulphur compounds suggestive of a biological response to the toxicity of AgNPs in the sea urchins. Additionally, it could be concluded from the FTIR results that there is a loss of calcite in the sea urchins exposed to AgNPs.

Journal Keywords: Silver Nanoparticles; Sea Urchins; Toxicity; Xanes; XRF; Ftir

Subject Areas: Environment


Other Facilities: ESRF

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