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Experimental and DFT-D studies of the molecular organic energetic material RDX

DOI: 10.1021/jp4004664 DOI Help

Authors: Steven Hunter (The University of Edinburgh) , Tuuli Sutinen (University of Cambridge) , Stewart F. Parker (ISIS Neutron and Muon Facility) , Carole A. Morrison (The University of Edinburgh) , David M. Williamson (University of Cambridge) , Stephen Thompson (Diamond Light Source) , Peter J. Gould (QinetiQ Bristol) , Colin R. Pulham (The University of Edinburgh)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: The Journal Of Physical Chemistry C , VOL 117 (16)

State: Published (Approved)
Published: March 2013

Abstract: We have performed simulations utilizing the dispersion-corrected density functional theory method (DFT-D) as parametrized by Grimme on selected polymorphs of RDX (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine). Additionally, we present the first experimental determination of the enthalpy of fusion (ΔHfus) of the highly metastable β-form of RDX. The characteristics of fusion for β-RDX were determined to be 186.7 ± 0.8 °C, 188.5 ± 0.4 °C, and 12.63 ± 0.28 kJ mol–1 for the onset temperature, peak temperature (or melting point), and ΔHfus, respectively. The difference in experimental ΔHfus for the α- and β-forms of RDX is 20.46 ± 0.92 kJ mol–1. Ambient-pressure lattice energies (EL) of the α- and β-forms of RDX have been calculated and are in excellent agreement with experiment. In addition the computationally predicted difference in EL (20.35 kJ mol–1) between the α- and β-forms is in excellent agreement with the experimental difference in ΔHfus. The response of the lattice parameters and unit-cell volumes to pressure for the α- and γ-forms have been investigated, in addition to the first high-pressure computational study of the ε-form of RDX—these results are in very good agreement with experimental data. Phonon calculations provide good agreement for vibrational frequencies obtained from Raman spectroscopy, and a predicted inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectrum of α-RDX shows excellent agreement with experimental INS data determined in this study. The transition energies and intensities are reproduced, confirming that both the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors of the vibrations are correctly described by the DFT-D method. The results of the high-pressure phonon calculations have been used to show that the heat capacities of the α-, γ-, and ε-forms of RDX are only weakly affected by pressure.

Diamond Keywords: Energetic Materials (EM)

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials

Instruments: I11-High Resolution Powder Diffraction

Other Facilities: TOSCA at ISIS

Added On: 04/04/2013 09:07

Discipline Tags:

Physical Chemistry Chemistry Materials Science

Technical Tags:

Diffraction X-ray Powder Diffraction