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Molecular architecture of the ankyrin SOCS box family of Cul5-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligases

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2013.06.015 DOI Help
PMID: 23806657 PMID Help

Authors: Joao Muniz (University of Oxford) , Kunde Guo (University of Oxford) , Nadia J. Kershaw (University of Melbourne) , Vikram Ayinampudi (Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford) , Frank Von Delft (University of Oxford, Diamond Light Source) , Jeffrey J. Babon (University of Melbourne) , Alex Bullock (University of Oxford)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Molecular Biology

State: Published (Approved)
Published: June 2013

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: Multi-subunit Cullin–RING E3 ligases often use repeat domain proteins as substrate-specific adaptors. Structures of these macromolecular assemblies are determined for the F-box-containing leucine-rich repeat and WD40 repeat families, but not for the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-box-containing ankyrin repeat proteins (ASB1–18), which assemble with Elongins B and C and Cul5. We determined the crystal structures of the ternary complex of ASB9–Elongin B/C as well as the interacting N-terminal domain of Cul5 and used structural comparisons to establish a model for the complete Cul5-based E3 ligase. The structures reveal a distinct architecture of the ASB9 complex that positions the ankyrin domain coaxial to the SOCS box–Elongin B/C complex and perpendicular to other repeat protein complexes. This alternative architecture appears favorable to present the ankyrin domain substrate-binding site to the E2-ubiquitin, while also providing spacing suitable for bulky ASB9 substrates, such as the creatine kinases. The presented Cul5 structure also differs from previous models and deviates from other Cullins via a rigid-body rotation between Cullin repeats. This work highlights the adaptability of repeat domain proteins as scaffolds in substrate recognition and lays the foundation for future structure–function studies of this important E3 family.

Journal Keywords: Animals; Ankyrins; Binding; Crystallography; X-Ray; Cullin; Humans; Mice; Molecular; Protein; Sequence; Suppressor; Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases

Subject Areas: Energy, Technique Development


Instruments: I02-Macromolecular Crystallography , I03-Macromolecular Crystallography , I24-Microfocus Macromolecular Crystallography