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Thermodynamic investigation of the adsorption of Amides on graphite from their liquids and binary mixtures

DOI: 10.1021/la703070v DOI Help

Authors: Tom Arnold (Diamond Light Source) , Stuart Clarke (University of Cambridge)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Langmuir , VOL 24 , PAGES 3325-3335

State: Published (Approved)
Published: February 2008

Abstract: We report a thermodynamic investigation of the adsorption of saturated and unsaturated (cis- and trans-) alkyl amides onto the surface of graphite from their pure liquids and from binary mixtures. We identify the formation of solid monolayers of the amides at temperatures when the bulk materials are liquid. The extent of this presolidification is much more extensive than other related materials, indicating that these amide layers are significantly more stable. The monolayer stability is found to be greatest for saturated amides. In addition, the stability of unsaturated amides is extremely sensitive to the location of the double bonds in the alkyl chain of the molecules, and trans isomers are found to be more stable than cis. We also address the preferential adsorption and mixing behavior of amide mixtures and amides mixed with other species coadsorbed onto graphite from binary solution. The results indicate that the amide molecules appear to be adsorbed with their principal axis parallel to the graphite surface and that amides are found to be strongly preferentially adsorbed with respect to alkanes. Interestingly the amides appear to mix rather better than might have been expected. There is also evidence of a number of other transitions in the adsorbates.

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Physics

Technical Areas: