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Structural analysis of DNA-protein complexes regulating the restriction-modification system Esp1396I

DOI: 10.1107/S174430911302126X DOI Help
PMID: 23989141 PMID Help

Authors: Richard N. A. Martin (University of Portsmouth) , John E. Mcgeehan (University of Portsmouth) , Neil J. Ball (University of Portsmouth) , Simon D. Streeter (University of Portsmouth) , Sarah-Jane Thresh (University of Portsmouth) , Geoff G. Kneale (University of Portsmouth)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology And Crystallization Communications , VOL 69 , PAGES 962 - 966

State: Published (Approved)
Published: September 2013

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: The controller protein of the type II restriction–modification (RM) system Esp1396I binds to three distinct DNA operator sequences upstream of the methyltransferase and endonuclease genes in order to regulate their expression. Previous biophysical and crystallographic studies have shown molecular details of how the controller protein binds to the operator sites with very different affinities. Here, two protein–DNA co-crystal structures containing portions of unbound DNA from native operator sites are reported. The DNA in both complexes shows significant distortion in the region between the conserved symmetric sequences, similar to that of a DNA duplex when bound by the controller protein (C-protein), indicating that the naked DNA has an intrinsic tendency to bend when not bound to the C-protein. Moreover, the width of the major groove of the DNA adjacent to a bound C-protein dimer is observed to be significantly increased, supporting the idea that this DNA distortion contributes to the substantial cooperativity found when a second C-protein dimer binds to the operator to form the tetrameric repression complex.

Journal Keywords: Base; Binding; Crystallography; X-Ray; DNA; ; Bacterial; DNA-Binding; Escherichia; Gene; Bacterial; Models; Molecular; Nucleic; Operator; Genetic; Protein; Recombinant Proteins

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials

Instruments: I02-Macromolecular Crystallography

Other Facilities: ID14-4 at ESRF

Added On: 29/08/2013 10:44

Discipline Tags:

Structural biology Life Sciences & Biotech

Technical Tags:

Diffraction Macromolecular Crystallography (MX)