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Adsorption of Aerosol-OT at the Calcite/Water Interface - Comparison of the sodium and calcium salts

DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.11.046 DOI Help

Authors: Isabella N. Stocker (University of Cambridge) , Kathryn Miller (University of Cambridge) , Rebecca Welbourn (University of Cambridge) , Stuart Clarke (University of Cambridge) , Ian R. Collins (ISIS Pulsed Neutron and Muon Source) , Christy Kinane (ISIS Pulsed Neutron and Muon Source) , Philipp Gutfreund (Institut Laue-Langevin)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Journal Of Colloid And Interface Science

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2013

Abstract: The adsorption of the surfactant Aerosol-OT (AOT) at the calcite–water interface has been investigated using batch adsorption isotherms and neutron reflection. The adsorption isotherms showed that NaAOT adsorption followed S-type adsorption behaviour with a maximum surface excess of 2.5 mg m−2 but the method could not be used for the investigation of Ca(AOT)2 adsorption owing to the changes in the bulk phase behaviour of the solution. The surface excess, determined by neutron reflection at the critical micelle concentration (CMC), was 2.5 mg m−2 for Ca(AOT)2 and 1.8 mg m−2 for NaAOT. The time dependence of the NaAOT adsorption suggests a slow conversion from the sodium to the calcium salt of AOT at the calcite–water interface by binding calcium ions released from the slightly soluble calcite. The layer thickness in both cases was 35 Å which indicates adsorption as bilayers or distorted micelles. At higher concentrations of NaAOT (∼10× CMC) adsorption of an AOT lamellar phase was evident from Bragg peaks in the specular reflection. To our knowledge, this is the first time that adsorption of a surfactant at the calcite–water interface has been investigated by neutron reflection. The technique provided significant new insight into the adsorption behaviour of AOT which would not have been accessible using traditional techniques.

Journal Keywords: X-Ray Reflectivity Calcite; Calcium Carbonate; Neutron Reflection; Aot; Aerosol-Ot

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials

Instruments: I07-Surface & interface diffraction