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Separation of rare gases and chiral molecules by selective binding in porous organic cages

DOI: 10.1038/nmat4035 DOI Help

Authors: Linjiang Chen (University of Liverpool) , Paul S. Reiss (University of Liverpool) , Sam Chong (University of Liverpool) , Daniel Holden (University of Liverpool) , Kim E. Jelfs (University of Liverpool) , Tom Hasell (University of Liverpool) , Marc A. Little (University of Liverpool) , Adam Kewley (University of Liverpool) , Michael E. Briggs (University of Liverpool) , Andrew Stephenson (University of Liverpool) , K. Mark Thomas (Newcastle University) , Jayne A. Armstrong (Newcastle University) , Jon Bell (Newcastle University) , Jose Busto (Aix-Marseille Université) , Raymond Noel (Aix-Marseille Université) , Jian Liu (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) , Denis M. Strachan (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) , Praveen K. Thallapally (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) , Andrew I. Cooper (University of Liverpool)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Nature Materials

State: Published (Approved)
Published: July 2014
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 7040 , 8728

Abstract: The separation of molecules with similar size and shape is an important technological challenge. For example, rare gases can pose either an economic opportunity or an environmental hazard and there is a need to separate these spherical molecules selectively at low concentrations in air. Likewise, chiral molecules are important building blocks for pharmaceuticals, but chiral enantiomers, by definition, have identical size and shape, and their separation can be challenging. Here we show that a porous organic cage molecule has unprecedented performance in the solid state for the separation of rare gases, such as krypton and xenon. The selectivity arises from a precise size match between the rare gas and the organic cage cavity, as predicted by molecular simulations. Breakthrough experiments demonstrate real practical potential for the separation of krypton, xenon and radon from air at concentrations of only a few parts per million. We also demonstrate selective binding of chiral organic molecules such as 1-phenylethanol, suggesting applications in enantioselective separation.

Subject Areas: Chemistry, Materials, Environment

Instruments: I11-High Resolution Powder Diffraction , I19-Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction