Publication

Article Metrics

Citations


Online attention

Recent evolution of equine influenza and the origin of canine influenza

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1406606111 DOI Help
PMID: 25024224 PMID Help

Authors: Patrick Collins (MRC National Institute for Medical Research) , Sebastien Vachieri (MRC Medical Research Council, National Institute for Medical Research) , Lesley F. Haire (MRC Medical Research Council, National Institute for Medical Research) , Roksana Ogrodowicz (MRC National Institute for Medical Research) , Stephen R. Martin (MRC National Institute for Medical Research) , Phil Walker (MRC National Institute for Medical Research) , Xiaoli Xiong (MRC National Institute for Medical Research) , Steven Gamblin (National Institute for Medical Research, Medical Research Council) , John J. Skehel (National Institute for Medical Research, Medical Research Council)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences , VOL 111 (30) , PAGES 11175 - 11180

State: Published (Approved)
Published: July 2014
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 7707

Abstract: In 2004 an hemagglutinin 3 neuraminidase 8 (H3N8) equine influenza virus was transmitted from horses to dogs in Florida and subsequently spread throughout the United States and to Europe. To understand the molecular basis of changes in the antigenicity of H3 hemagglutinins (HAs) that have occurred during virus evolution in horses, and to investigate the role of HA in the equine to canine cross-species transfer, we used X-ray crystallography to determine the structures of the HAs from two antigenically distinct equine viruses and from a canine virus. Structurally all three are very similar with the majority of amino acid sequence differences between the two equine HAs located on the virus membrane-distal molecular surface. HAs of canine viruses are distinct in containing a Trp-222→Leu substitution in the receptor binding site that influences specificity for receptor analogs. In the fusion subdomain of canine and recent equine virus HAs a unique difference is observed by comparison with all other HAs examined to date. Analyses of site-specific mutant HAs indicate that a single amino acid substitution, Thr-30→Ser, influences interactions between N-terminal and C-terminal regions of the subdomain that are important in the structural changes required for membrane fusion activity. Both structural modifications may have facilitated the transmission of H3N8 influenza from horses to dogs.

Journal Keywords: Animals ; Crystallography ; X-Ray ; Dog; Dogs ; Hemagglutinin; Influenza; Horse; Horses ; Influenza; H3N8; Orthomyxoviridae; Protein; Tertiary

Subject Areas: Biology and Bio-materials


Instruments: I02-Macromolecular Crystallography , I04-Macromolecular Crystallography

Added On: 22/09/2014 13:36

Documents:
PNAS-2014-Collins-11175-80.pdf

Discipline Tags:



Technical Tags: