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Solution Processing Route to Multifunctional Titania Thin Films: Highly Conductive and Photcatalytically Active Nb:TiO

DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201400338 DOI Help

Authors: Davinder Bhachu (University College London) , Sanjay Sathasivam (University College London) , Gopinathan Sankar (University College London) , David O. Scanlon (University College London; Diamond Light Source) , Giannantonio Cibin (Diamond Light Source) , Claire J. Carmalt , Ivan Parkin (University College London) , Graeme W. Watson , Salem M. Bawaked , Abdullah Y. Obaid , Shaeel Al-thabaiti , Sulaiman N. Basahel
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Advanced Functional Materials , VOL 24 (32) , PAGES 5075 - 5085

State: Published (Approved)
Published: August 2014
Diamond Proposal Number(s): 8071

Abstract: This paper reports the synthesis of highly conductive niobium doped titanium dioxide (Nb:TiO2) films from the decomposition of Ti(OEt)4 with dopant quantities of Nb(OEt)5 by aerosol-assisted chemical vapor deposition (AACVD). Doping Nb into the Ti sites results in n-type conductivity, as determined by Hall effect measurements. The doped films display significantly improved electrical properties compared to pristine TiO2 films. For 5 at.% Nb in the films, the charge carrier concentration was 2 × 1021 cm?3 with a mobility of 2 cm2 V–1 s–1 . The corresponding sheet resistance is as low as 6.5 ? sq–1 making the films suitable candidates for transparent conducting oxide (TCO) materials. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the lowest reported sheet resistance for Nb:TiO2 films synthesized by vapour deposition. The doped films are also blue in colour, with the intensity dependent on the Nb concentration in the films. A combination of synchrotron, laboratory and theoretical techniques confirmed niobium doping into the anatase TiO2 lattice. Computational methods also confirmed experimental results of both delocalized (Ti4+) and localized polaronic states (Ti3+) states. Additionally, the doped films also functioned as photocatalysts. Thus, Nb:TiO2 combines four functional properties (photocatalysis, electrical conductivity, optical transparency and blue colouration) within the same layer, making it a promising alternative to conventional TCO materials.

Journal Keywords: Titanium Dioxide;Transparent Conducting Oxide;Thin Films;Aacvd

Subject Areas: Materials, Chemistry

Instruments: B18-Core EXAFS

Added On: 29/10/2014 14:57

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