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Development and characterization of thermally stable supported V–W–TiO2 catalysts for mobile NH3–SCR applications

DOI: 10.1179/2055075814Y.0000000005 DOI Help

Authors: Andrew Beale (University College London) , Ines Lezcano-gonzalez (University College London) , Teuvo Maunula (Dinex Ecocat Oy, DET Finland) , Robert Palgrave (University College London (UCL))
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Catalysis, Structure & Reactivity

State: Published (Approved)
Published: December 2014

Abstract: Vanadium based catalysts supported on a mixture of tungsten and titanium oxide (V2O5/WO3–TiO2) are known to be highly active for ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH3–SCR) of NOx species for heavy-duty mobile applications. However they are also known to be sensitive to high temperatures which leads to both sintering of the anatase TiO2 support and a first order phase transition to rutile at temperatures >600°C. Here we report our attempts to use SiO2 to stabilize the TiO2 anatase phase and to compare its catalytic activity with that of a non-stabilized V2O5/WO3–TiO2 catalyst after thermal aging up to 800°C. Detailed characterization using spectroscopic (Raman, UV–vis, X-ray absorption spectroscopy), scattering and techniques providing information on the catalytic surface (Brunauer–Emmet–Teller, NH3 adsorption) have also been performed in order to understand the impact of high temperatures on component speciation and the catalytic interface. Results show that non-stabilized V2O5/WO3–TiO2 catalysts are initially stable after thermal aging at 600°C but on heating above this temperature a marked drop in catalytic activity is observed as a result of sintering and phase transformation of Anatase into Rutile TiO2 and phase segregation of initially highly dispersed WO3 and polymeric V2O5 into monoclinic WO3 and V2O3 crystallites. Similar behavior was observed for the 4–5 wt-% of SiO2-stabilised sample after aging above 700°C, importantly therefore, offset by some ?100°C in comparison to the unstabilised sample.

Journal Keywords: V–W–TiO2, NH3–SCR, Thermal deactivation, Stability, Spectroscopy

Subject Areas: Chemistry

Instruments: B18-Core EXAFS

Other Facilities: ESRF