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Fracture mechanics by three-dimensional crack-tip synchrotron X-ray microscopy

DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2013.0157 DOI Help
PMID: 25624521 PMID Help

Authors: Philip Withers (University of Manchester)
Co-authored by industrial partner: No

Type: Journal Paper
Journal: Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical And Engineering Sciences , VOL 373 (2036)

State: Published (Approved)
Published: January 2015

Open Access Open Access

Abstract: To better understand the relationship between the nucleation and growth of defects and the local stresses and phase changes that cause them, we need both imaging and stress mapping. Here, we explore how this can be achieved by bringing together synchrotron X-ray diffraction and tomographic imaging. Conventionally, these are undertaken on separate synchrotron beamlines; however, instruments capable of both imaging and diffraction are beginning to emerge, such as ID15 at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility and JEEP at the Diamond Light Source. This review explores the concept of three-dimensional crack-tip X-ray microscopy, bringing them together to probe the crack-tip behaviour under realistic environmental and loading conditions and to extract quantitative fracture mechanics information about the local crack-tip environment. X-ray diffraction provides information about the crack-tip stress field, phase transformations, plastic zone and crack-face tractions and forces. Time-lapse CT, besides providing information about the three-dimensional nature of the crack and its local growth rate, can also provide information as to the activation of extrinsic toughening mechanisms such as crack deflection, crack-tip zone shielding, crack bridging and crack closure. It is shown how crack-tip microscopy allows a quantitative measure of the crack-tip driving force via the stress intensity factor or the crack-tip opening displacement. Finally, further opportunities for synchrotron X-ray microscopy are explored.

Subject Areas: Technique Development

Instruments: I12-JEEP: Joint Engineering, Environmental and Processing , I13-2-Diamond Manchester Imaging

Other Facilities: ESRF